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Published on Jul 28, 2017
Ilminism (Hangul: 일민주의; Hanja: 一民主義; RR: Ilminjuui;), frequently translated as the One-People Principle, was the political ideology of South Korea under its first President, Syngman Rhee. The Ilmin principle has been likened by contemporary scholars to the Nazi German idea of the herrenvolk (master race), and was part of an effort to consolidate a united and obedient citizenry around Rhee's strong central leadership through appeals to nationalism and ethnic supremacy. The concept of the One-People Principle was developed primarily by Minister of Education An Ho-sang, who studied philosophy at the University of Jena in Germany during the late 1920s.