UNDP's Regional Human Development Report "Shaping the future: How changing demographics can power human development" offers 9 Actions for Sustainable Development to counter the region's unprecedented demographic changes. Which of these policy recommendations are most relevant for Lao PDR? We have asked the people. Find out more about the 9 Actions here: http://www.asia-pacific.und...
In Lao PDR, on average, one man, woman or child is killed or injured almost every day by UXO (unexploded ordnance), mostly by cluster munitions. UXO contamination is an ongoing development challenge in the country. There appears to be a significant correlation between the presence of UXO and prevalence of poverty. Some of the most UXO contaminated areas are also among the poorest in the country. The presence of UXO causes food shortages in affected provinces, as it limits the expansion of agricultural production and villagers' ability to achieve sustainable livelihoods.
Lao PDR is the most heavily bombed country in history, with up to 25% of the villages contaminated with Unexploded Ordnance (UXO). During the period of 1964 to 1973, over 2 million tons of ordnance, including 270 million 'bombies' i.e. cluster sub-munitions, were dropped on Laos. With an average failure rate of 30%, approximately 80 million of them remained in Laos after the war. All 17 provinces of Laos suffer from UXO contamination.