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UNDP LaoPDR

  • ຢູ່ຢ່າງປອດໄພ - ການສົ່ງເສີມ ການຄຸ້ມຄອງຄວາມສ່ຽງຕໍ່ໄພພິບັດ ໃນ ສປປ ລາວ

    452 views 8 months ago
    ສປປ ລາວ ຍັງສືບຕໍ່ໄດ້ຮັບຜົນກະທົບຈາກໄພພິ­ພັດທີ່ຮ້າຍແຮງ ແລະ ເກີດຂຶ້ນຢ່າງຕໍ່ເນື່ອງ: ນໍ້າຖ້ວມ, ພາຍຸໄພແຫ້ງແລ້ງ, ດິນເຈື່ອນ ຍັງຄົງສືບຕໍ່ຄຸກຄາມການເປັນຢູ່ຂອ­ງປະຊາຊົນ. ຢູ່ໃນປະເທດທີ່ 80% ຂອງປະຊາກອນແມ່ນອາໄສຊັບພະຍາກອນທໍ­າມະຊາດເພື່ອການຢູ່ລອດ ນັ້ນ, ໄພພິບັດເຫຼົ່ານີ້ເຮັດໃຫ້ເກີດການ­ສູນເສຍທາງດ້ານຊີວິດ, ລາຍຮັບ ແລະຊັບສິນຂອງຄົນໃນຊຸມຊົນ, ທໍາລາຍການດໍາລົງຊີວິດ, ແລະເພີ່ມທະວີ ຄວາມບໍ່ໝັ້ນຄົງທາງດ້ານສະບຽງອາຫາ­ນ.

    ການສູນເສຍດັ່ງກ່າວສາມາດປ້ອງກັນດ­້ວຍການຝຶກອົບຮົມ ກ່ຽວກັບການກະກຽມທີ່ຖືກຕ້ອງ ແລະ ໃຫ້ຊຸມຊົນມີຄວາມເຂົ້າໃຈ ເຖິງສາເຫດຂອງການເກີດໄພພິບັດຫຼາຍ­ຂຶ້ນ.

    ເນື່ອງຈາກໄດ້ຮັບການຊ່ວຍເຫຼືອຈາກ­ຜູ້ໃຫ້ທຶນ, ນັບແຕ່ ປີ 1997 ອົງການ ສປຊ ເພື່ອການພັດທະນາ ໄດ້ສະໜັບສະໜູນ ລັດຖະບານ ລາວ ໃນການປັບປຸງລະບົບການຄຸ້ມຄອງຄວາມ­ສ່ຽງຕໍ່ໄພພິບັດ ລະດັບຊາດ ກໍ່ຄື ລະດັບທ້ອງຖິ່ນ ເຊິ່ງປະກອບດ້ວຍ ການຈັດຝຶກອົບຮົມໃຫ້ແກ່ພະນັກງານລ­ັດຖະບານໃນຂັ້ນທ້ອງຖິ່ນ ໃຫ້ສາມາດກະກຽມຮັບມືກັບໄພອັນຕະລາ­ຍ ໄດ້ດີຂຶ້ນກ່ວາເກົ່າ ແລະ ສາມາດ ຖ່າຍໂອນຄວາມຮູ້ໃຫ້ຊຸມຊົນ ເພື່ອເຂົາເຈົ້າສາມາດສ້າງແຜນການກ­ານຄຸ້ມຄອງໄພພິບັດຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າ ເອງໄດ້.

    ຜະລິດໂດຍ ອົງການ ສປຊ ເພື່ອການພັດທະນາ ປະຈຳລາວ, ເດືອນມິຖຸນາປີ 2014. Show less
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  • Cluster Munitions Play

    In Lao PDR, on average, one man, woman or child is killed or injured almost every day by UXO (unexploded ordnance), mostly by cluster munitions. UXO contamination is an ongoing development challenge in the country. There appears to be a significant correlation between the presence of UXO and prevalence of poverty. Some of the most UXO contaminated areas are also among the poorest in the country. The presence of UXO causes food shortages in affected provinces, as it limits the expansion of agricultural production and villagers' ability to achieve sustainable livelihoods.

    Lao PDR is the most heavily bombed country in history, with up to 25% of the villages contaminated with Unexploded Ordnance (UXO). During the period of 1964 to 1973, over 2 million tons of ordnance, including 270 million 'bombies' i.e. cluster sub-munitions, were dropped on Laos. With an average failure rate of 30%, approximately 80 million of them remained in Laos after the war. All 17 provinces of Laos suffer from UXO contamination.
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  • MDGs in Lao PDR Play

    Playlist shows six videos related to MDGs in Lao PDR. The country has experienced many remarkable advances over the decades, with the achievement of a number of the MDG targets likely. Real GDP growth has averaged more than 7 percent during 2006 and 2007. Poverty declined steadily from 46 to 26.9 percent according to the latest figures, and the country is on track to achieve the MDG target of halving poverty by 2015.

    Despite progress work must be accelerated to ensure that all the MDGs can be met and that everyone can share in the nation's development. There has, for example, been little reduction in child malnutrition since 1990. Despite considerable efforts, 38 percent of children under five years of age are underweight and 41 percent suffer from chronic malnutrition. Maternal mortality rates at 405 per 100,000 live births are among the highest in the region.

    In a special challenge to Lao PDR, the ever-present threat of unexploded ordnance (UXO) continues to destroy lives and hinder development. There is a strong correlation across the country between poverty and the presence of UXO and clearance is a precondition for the achievement of the MDGs.
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  • United Nations Play

    UNDP working in Lao PDR is part of the UN country team, consisting of various UN agencies working in the country.
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  • Uploads Play

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