J.S. Bach (1685 - 1750) wrote this second keyboard Partita in the year of 1726, when he had already arrived in Leipzig.
It is in six movements: The opening Sinfonia consists of three progressively faster and lighter sections: a dramatic Grave Adagio, followed by an Andante, followed by a 2-voice fugue. It is followed by the typical set of dance movements: Allemande, Courante, Sarabande. However, it is not closed by a Gigue, but by a Rondeaux and then the famous (and difficult!) Capriccio.