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Η Ηράκλεια Λυγκηστίς ήταν αρχαία ελληνική πόλη του βασιλείου της Μακεδονίας. Περισσότερες πληροφορίες στο βίντεο. Το βίντεο αυτό το έφτιαξα πριν από περίπου 4 χρόνια, αλλά μ'αυτά και μ'εκείνα το ξέχασα, και αποφάσισα να το ανεβάσω στο youtube τώρα.
Heraclea Lyncestis was an ancient greek city situated in the region of Pelagonia, in the north of Brygeis lake (Prespa). It is mentioned by many ancient writers, and it was the most important city of the region. The city was founded in the mid-fourth century B.C. from the king of Macedonia, Phillip II, apparently in memory of a victory against the Illyrians.
The name "Heraclea" was chosen because king Phillip considered himself "Heraclides" and therefore descendant of the demigod Hercules. The city gained paramount importance in the subsequent Hellenistic period. Although the Romans conquered Macedonia in 148 B.C. and made it a roman province, Heraclea continued to prosper thanks to the Via Egnatia which was passing beside it, even if they destroyed its political power.
During the roman period, the city was adorned with arcades, auditorium and several basilicas. The auditorium could hold about 3.000 people. During the early Byzantine period (4th-6th century B.C.), Heraclea was promoted to the episcopical center of Pelagonia, with most important the bishop Evagrius, who is being indicated in the Ecumenical Council of Sardica (now Sofia, Bulgaria) in 343 A.D. At the end of the 6th century, the city suffered from the successful attacks of Slavic tribes.
In place of the deserted theater, several houses were built between the 6th and 7th century A.D. when the Slavs settled in the northern regions of the Balkans. Today, this ancient city is located within the borders of FYROM. Near the city of Bitola (formerly Monastir).