Perspolis (Old Persian 𐎱𐎠𐎼𐎿 Pārsa, Takht-e Jamshid or Chehel Minar) was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550-330 BCE). Persepolis is situated 70 km northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars Province of modern Iran. In contemporary Persian, the site is known as Takht-e Jamshid (Throne of Jamshid). The earliest remains of Persepolis date from around 515 BCE. To the ancient Persians, the city was known as Pārsa, which means "The City of Persians". Persepolis is a transliteration of the Greek Πέρσης πόλις (Persēs polis: "Persian city").
UNESCO declared the citadel of Perspolis a World Heritage Site in 1979
Persepolis Football Club (Persian: باشگاه فوتبال پرسپولیس, Persian pronunciation: [peɾsˈpoliːs]) is an Iranian football club based in Tehran. Persepolis F.C. is the football club of the multisport Persepolis Athletic and Cultural Club.
Persepolis has won the most Iranian championships of any club and they contest the Tehran derby with arch rivals Esteghlal, a match that is always closely followed. According to the AFC, Persepolis is the most popular football club in Asia. Only Dalian Shide and Al-Hilal have similar support in Asia.
Shahin F.C. (1942--1967)
Shahin F.C. was established in 1942 by Dr.Abbas Ekrami, a teacher.
Ekrami founded the club with help of some young students under the motto
" اول اخلاق، دوم درس، سوم ورزش
First ethics, second education, third sports. "
—Shahin F.C. Motto
Shahin produced many talented players like Parviz Dehdari, Masoud Boroumand, Homayoun Behzadi, Jafar Kashani, Hossein Kalani, Hamid Shirzadegan, and many more that played for Team Melli. These talents made Shahin popular in the 1960s but its very popularity was viewed as a threat by the Iran Football Federation and the Keihan Varzeshi newspaper (Iran's most important sports publication at the time). The conflict between them became worse and on 9 July 1967, two days after Shahin's 3--0 win against Tehranjavan F.C. , the Iran Sports Organization declared Shahin F.C. as dissolved. League attendance dropped and other clubs including Pas, Rah Ahan, and Oghab tried to sign Shahin players.
Many of the players shown in this photo went on to play for Persepolis.
Establishment early years (1963--1969)
Persepolis Athletic and Cultural Club was established in 1963 by Ali Abdo. Abdo had come to Iran from the United States and was a championship boxer.
Persepolis F.C. started the 1968 season with Parviz Dehdari as manager. Despite the efforts to sign and disperse Shahin players to various clubs, Parviz Dehdari and Masoud Boroumand transferred the popularity of Shahin to Persepolis F.C. by taking most Shahin Players to join Persepolis. The team was initially quite weak, and participated in the 2nd division of the country. The best player on the team then was Mahmoud Khordbin.
The club, using four Shahin players, had a friendly match with Jam Abadan, a respected team at the time. After the match the remainder of the Shahin players joined Persepolis. That year no league competition was held, as many teams had been dissolved, so a 44-team tournament was held, and Persepolis, along with Pas, Taj, and Oghab finished top of the group.
The next year they represented as the first Iranian club in the Asian Champion Club Tournament held in Thailand, but they were not successful and were eliminated in the group stage.
Takht Jamshid Cup (1969--1979)
From left to right: Safar Iranpak, Homayoun Behzadi and Hossein Kalani: Persepolis players in the Takht Jamshid Cup
In 1962, the Iran Universal automobile factory was opened. In 1969, The boss of the factory, Mahmoud Khayami, who was also the owner of a football team, was a big fan of Shahin. Khayami, who wanted to improve his football team, entered into negotiations with Persepolis and was able to get all the former Shahin players except Aziz Asli and Mahmoud Khordbin to join his new team, Paykan Tehran F.C. Paykan won the championship that year, but the new players moved back to Persepolis at the end of the season.
In 1971, Persepolis won its first ever championship in the Iranian League. Persepolis had an impressive season with 13 wins and 1 draw, in 14 weeks. In 1972, Abdo announced Persepolis as the first professional football club in Iran. The club did not enter the domestic league and only played against foreign clubs, and a few months later it became amateur again. Next year the Takht Jamshid Cup was established. Persepolis was won the inaugural Takht Jamshid Cup in 1973 and won it again in 1975. Persepolis is the most successful club in the Takht Jamshid Cup league, clinching two championship titles and finishing three tim