Gallup is the seat of McKinley County in northwest New Mexico, USA. Gallup lies approximately midway between Albuquerque, NM and Flagstaf...
Gallup is the seat of McKinley County in northwest New Mexico, USA. Gallup lies approximately midway between Albuquerque, NM and Flagstaff, AZ and is bisected by historic U.S. Highway 66 and Interstate 40. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the population is approximately 21,678. Founded in 1881 as a headquarters along the construction right-of-way for the southern transcontinental rail route, the town draws its name from David L. Gallup, a paymaster for the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad. The area's geography as the only passable route through the sandstone hogback ridges of western New Mexico drove the decision to bring the railroad through here. Gallup has a long association with the mining and railroad industries, although tourism has been most significant to the local economy in recent times. Due to its proximity to Monument Valley and other favorite Western settings for Hollywood's movie moguls, Gallup's El Rancho Hotel has played host to many legendary film stars.