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GBV During & Post Conflict in Southeast Asia

Dec. 4, 2012 - Conflicts in Southeast Asia are fueled by a diverse range of political, ethnic, and religious motives. Common to all is the oppression of women through sexual violence. From Burma to Nepal, Kashmir, and Sri Lanka, gender-based violence (GBV) has emerged as a vicious outcome of war, both during and after combat. While war puts the human rights of life, liberty, dignity, and freedom of all citizens at risk, these videos demonstrate that the rights of women are violated in a particular way within the context of conflict.

The strife in Burma, also known as Myanmar, is long-standing and complex. It began with a military regime in 1962 that maintained control of the country for decades. While many people fled the country to refugee camps along the border, the internally displaced remained vulnerable to the junta. Its oppressive forces committed rape and torture without facing legal consequences.

In Nepal's civil war from 1996-2006, sexual violence was used by both the government and the rival Communist Party as a tool to demonstrate superiority.

Tucked between Pakistan and India, Kashmir has been the subject of discord between the two countries since the 1970s. While each side seeks control of the country, Kashmiris have become victims of the political dispute. In 1991, a Kashmiri community suffered a mass rape at the hands of the Indian army.

The civil war in Sri Lanka came to an end in 2009 after 26 years of fighting. Women and civilians were caught in the crossfire during this long conflict between the Sri Lankan government and the Tamil Tigers rebel group.

While many of the armed disputes in Southeast Asia came to an end long ago, gender-based violence resulting from conflict takes years to resolve. As we see in the case of the mass rape in Kashmir, justice and accountability, crucial to the process of peace, work at a sluggish pace when they work at all.

This playlist is one of a series on the Human Rights Channel in recognition of the global campaign, 16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence, November 25-December 10, 2012.

TO LEARN MORE & GET INVOLVED:
16 Days of Gender Activism:
http://bit.ly/QGFQK3
http://16dayscwgl.rutgers.edu/

New York Times: Military Using Rape as Weapon Against Rohingyas
http://nyti.ms/RwOLOm

Global Post: Myanmar army Accused of Widespread Rape:
http://bit.ly/MLx58R

Women's League of Burma
http://womenofburma.org/
Dec. 4, 2012 - Conflicts in Southeast Asia are fueled by a diverse range of political, ethnic, and religious motives. Common to all is the oppression of women through sexual violence. From Burma to Nepal, Kashmir, and Sri Lanka, gender-based viole...
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