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Issue 1 - Governments and International Organizations

The role of Govts and international Organizations for the MDGS
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http://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=Development_Coo...

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In September 2000, the United Nations Assembly unanimously adopted the UN Millennium Declaration.
It was an 8 goal agenda that all 192 Member States agreed to adopt. We, the humanity of the third Millennium, have achieved that technological, economic and political progress from where we can no longer justify hunger and the exclusion of millions from basic health and education. Intentions were clear: declarations need to be accompanied with concrete commitments: we require specific objectives and definite timelines. The Millennium declaration contained a program for concrete action: 8 goals, subdivided in 21 targets to be achieved within a 15 years deadline. Indicators were defined, a monitoring system set up; funds were allocated and all countries affirmed their intentions to contribute with specific percentages of their GDPs. And for the first time in world history, a concrete work agenda for the rights of the voiceless was universally agreed.

2015 was the set as the deadline for the achievement of the 8 MDGs.
In these years the MDGs did provide a framework for the UN system and for synergizing the various international cooperation activities in a coherent worldwide effort. The MDGs targets became an integral part of World Development Indicators. The monitoring system that was set has worked efficiently and aach year, an annual report is prepared that assesses the progress made by member states in fulfilling the pledges they made. (see ⇒ The Millennium Development Goals Report 2012)
Substantial progress has been made. But we can now say that the MDGs will not be achieved in 2015. There is now the need to look beyond 2015, to collect the lessons learned, to understand what has worked well and insist in it. And to understand what did not work and why, so as not to repeat it.

Although the UN took upon itself a key role to play in addressing the development challenges and in tracking the global progress towards these goals, it is National Governments that had the responsibility to achieve the MDG targets. Thousands of programmes and projects have been operational, involving a large amount of human and technical resources. However, the resources and efforts have proved to be inadequate; and the progress towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals has been uneven and slow. UN monitoring of MDGs (www.mdgmonitor.org) reveals that many countries might not achieve declared targets by 2015.

Delay in the work in progress for the MDGs is largely due to a combination of the lack of driving policy changes in these countries and the lack of consistent commitment by donor countries. In spite of official declarations to pursue the 8th MDG goal (i.e. Developing a Global Partnership for Development) by devoting at least 0.7% of GNP to development cooperation, the average contribution by donor nations is still only around 0.23%, i.e. equal to US$ 56 billion per year.
Low prioritization of commitment to International Development Agenda is caused by low awareness, among people in richer countries, of the real development issues and on the scope and impact of international cooperation.
International media did not pay much attention to the MDGs, so there has the general public is little informed about them.
The role of Govts and international Organizations for the MDGS
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http://en.wikibooks.org/w/index.php?title=Development_Coo...

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In September 2000, the United Nations Assembly unanimously adopted th...
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