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The Silk Road and Ancient Trade: Crash Course World History #9

by CrashCourse • 1,254,145 views

The Silk Road and Ancient Trade: In which John Green teaches you about the so-called Silk Road, a network of trade routes where goods such as ivory, silver, iron, wine, and yes, silk were exchanged...

I have an essay due tomorrow and I accidentally left my notebook that had my notes and rough draft at school…thank God for favorite authors that also conveniently make videos concerning commonly-learned subjects. 
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I think that the "People who have a test tomorrow" category on your pie chart is a little larger than that
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The Black Death is only the worst KNOWN plague in human history. Some theories suggest the Native American population was as large, or even outnumbered the European population, but sometime between Columbus and the majority of white settlers, a plague wiped out 20-80% of the population. And yes I know that is an incredibly large gap, but the point is we just don't know. We can estimate roughly how many Native Americans there likely would have been during the height of European colonization, and we know the population was much larger before then, but we have no idea exactly how much larger.
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+Gabe Anderson But of the known plagues, the Black Death killed the largest percentage of people in Europe and elsewhere. Overall, a third or even half of people in affected areas may have died. In some places, entire towns were wiped out. That's a very different experience compared to the Spanish Flu (which killed one of my mother's cousins, btw, but not half of Europe).
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what about the people who are looking for a renaissance type knowledge. WE DESERVE A DEMOGRAPHIC AS WELL best wishes Jon John Griffith
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Mustachioed plumbers and tortoise shells? 1up
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I have a test tomorrow.
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hang on... it's a weekend...
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I have two tests tomorrow.
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.-. you are okay just listening to, but if we have to WRITE DOWN WHAT WE HEAR,YOU GO TOO FAST 0_0
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Final in history tomorrow on this. Thanks crash course!
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+LuvExotics i had finals after break, that is how we do in MD. after everyone has forgotten everything over winter break then we take finals.
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"people who have a test tomorrow"...
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8:37 The Black Death was not the largest population devastation in human history.  The plauges that devastated the Americas just before the coming of the europeans did that.
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+Jenny Kapau Furthormore, that's precisely what he said.
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+TrulyEvilBob I believe that it had to do with the percentage of the population that perished from the disease and not necessarily the actual number of people who perished from the disease. Then again, I don't know the percentages, I'm just making an educated guess.
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Not sure but i think even the origin of Buddhism was a direct result of silk road. The vedic culture in india didnt give importance for traders those days and when these traders became economically rich there was a power shift....they were powerful enough to make a new state called the shakya clan ..which was almost a republic and it was the state where Buddha was born. Annnnndddd according to me they just made their own religion by scraping ideas from hinduism...the gautama title is given for all philosopher sages in india...so he must have been a philosopher and you know how Christianity was used to strengthen kingdoms, similarly someone should have taken his idea and try to use it as a unifying factor for newly formed kingdom. (later also used on a depressed emperor like ashoka to spread its ideas).
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I'm just a dude who likes to listen to the smart man talking. What demographic is that? But seriously, I'm eating these episodes up like teen boys would love to eat women, in the naughty way, not the psychotic way.
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Yuck, who'd want to drink out of a dirty skull?
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Hey people I have a question who needs a bit of reflection. When the Xiongnu defeated the Yyezhi and subsequently made a cup from the leaders skull, do you know if they believed in a mistic power as" the force" in SW ,however in this case called "orenda". I am asking this ,because of my  search for the most plausible theory about the origin of prabulgarians who also believed in the mistic power of orenda.
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I thought orenda was the religion of the iroquois O_o
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I thought Japan started the mustachioed plumber exporting business. You learn something knew every single day.
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i'm about to study history degree in the college.
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I have a test not tomorrow but day after, btw how can they figure it out?? 
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I feel I belong in the Grammar Nazi category of CrashCourse viewer demographics, but to play devil's advocate for the billionaire demographic: I'd like to say that one can certainly begrudge those accrue personal wealth to dizzying heights via corruption, public endangerment, are fueled by zealous greed, etc. However, so long as the wealth is gained though legitimate practices, those who reach ridiculous heights for supplying sub-par materials are not to blame, but the consumers who buy them. Likewise, those who create great things have no obligation to contribute to charity organizations, so while their contributions can make huge differences & are certainly in a better position to do so, we should not lump them together with those who prey upon people's wallets by facilitating broken systems or the ignorance of impressionable or just plain stupid people.
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May I ask why "muggle quidditch players" were on the list of people who watch crash course? Lol XD
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not a single deep web joke?
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I just notice that he wrote fault in our stars
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why there is a nazi cross on buddah's chest in 7:06?
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FYI: the great plague is also recorded to have struck in northern china, killing a percentage of the population there comparable to europe.
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Lol i got so creeped out when he said people who have a test tommorow... aka ME!!
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Why is his hair always different?!
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People who have a test tomorrow 🙋 thank you for your help!
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how do dat emote doe? i had to ctrl+c ctrl+v (copy paste)
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I don't fit into any of those categories until tomorrow
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I have a final in History tomorrow and our teacher told us to watch your videos(:
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What did a prostitute charge in 100 ce on the silk road?
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Anyone else watching this for that social studies test on Thursday?
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Just self study, I felt a little ashamed that all I remembered about the 'silk road' was that it was a trading route, so came to refresh my mind. also, Can there be include a wizards category or are only muggles allowed?  Because if so, I refuse this kind of discriminatory treatment to magical beings. We deserve equality.  D:
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Hey, Crash Course. You forgot to credit Nintendo for the cameo of Mario and the Red Koopa Shell.
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I don't have a test tomorrow, I am not a grammar Nazi, nor am I a billionaire... And I can't play quidditch because I am afraid of heights ( and also suck at sports). So what am I? A lonely history-deprived grad student sitting on her couch watching YouTube on her roku and fighting the compulsion to exercise? Or a bored panda? Or maybe even a citizen who enjoys thoughtful YouTube videos on her favorite subject whilst she cooks a healthy lunch? You decide.
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Thaaaaaank youuuuu for the cool videos!!! :) 
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I just like history
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I'm the portion that has a test tomorow.
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Why didn't Buddhism spread west?
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you used the word decimation wrong.
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En varmaan voi muokata jonkun muun tekemää suomenkielistä tekstitystä? Harmillisesti tekstityksissä on usein virheellisesti käytetty pilkkua lauseenvastikkeen jälkeen. Propsit silti suomentajalle isosta hommasta! One grammar nazi here! There's a problem with using comma in wrong places in Finnish subtitles...
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These videos literally make me so happy
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I like the comparison between the Silk Road and Globalization
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3 in the morning and I couldn't bring myself to read the text book. So I'm covering everything that I learned this semester through your videos. sobs
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10:04 The Catcher In The Rye shirt :)
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Hey John, is 317 your favorite prime number or something? ( 0:29 )
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You showed a Tibetan temple when talking about trade and stationing caravans......... Seriously, are you a real historian or just a left-wing student trying to be a left-wing student?  If you really know history you would have shown the "Qigexing Buddhist Temple Ruins" or the "Kizil Caves"  or the "White Horse Temple" instead.
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Really weird when you watch this as a muggle quidditch player and hear that
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watched by people who have a test tomorrow. haha well in my case its for papers and work shop post/questions :) 
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Midterm tomorrow woohoo
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Despite some historical errors (I wish they'd cite their sources) Still better than rereading 500 pages of a college textbook to review for my midterms.
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Yes people who have test tomorrow, test of Electric Machines and right now I am sooo much into history
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why is there a swastika on the statue? 7:07
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Because ..you know....the swastika was a symbol of buddhism. ALSO NAZIS!
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CRASH COURSE IS SO EXCELLENT
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+Chisom Anyanwu I have a exam tomorrow ;_;
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Fuck you nerd you ruined my life
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The 1346 plague was probably not bubonic. A popular idea is that it is a combination of bubonic and pneumonic
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Let's not forget that some Buddhist sects believe that Nirvana is a form of enlightenment that all people can reach, and Buddhahood is open to all living beings.
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And not by worshipping provisional Buddhas, but by practicing the same Law that Shakyamuni attained.
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The intro summed up a vast percentage of the youtube commenters. Intentional?!
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MY TEACHER USED THIS VIDEO IN CLASS AND I AM A NERDFIGHTER AND I WAS LIKE, "THIS IS ABSOLUTELY AWESOME!!!!"
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I... I do have a test tomorrow sweats
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i actually have a test tomorrow 
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Got assigned to take notes off of this video as homework. Also, history final tomorrow. Thank you so much because this video has exactly what is needed in such a short period of time!!
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Susan Wagner Shared on Google+ · 2 months ago
The evil running the world was devised thousands of years back, unfortunately.
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did john seriously just say grammar nazi?????? he has to know that that term is so highly offensive. to pretend that people who are asses about grammar are the same as people who committed genocide(s) and murdered 11 million people and tortured and enslaved millions more is obviously a slap in the face to anyone whose group was targeted during the holocaust (esp. romani and jewish people)
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+Heather Gluck I'm offended as a human,that the Israeli state is committing war crimes right now.
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No test, just an essay due. Like, forty minutes ago due.
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The guy is a bit annoying but he has some good data.
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Arrrgghhh! Routes is pronounced "roots" not "rawts"! ("Rawts" are what you get when you use a router)
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Even in the ancient world, wealth shaped Governents.
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Haha. I have watched all these history videos because I have an exam tomorrow.
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🙋 muggle quidditch player over here
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I actually have a test in an hour, but close enough.
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why does history abandon the term A.D. I understand the aversion to religion in historic fact but the calender we use today is by fact centered around Jesus of Nazareth regardless of whether he existed or not. Is this not hypocritical?
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Well many non-Christians find the idea offensive. When people don't believe in the same saviors then they tend to dislike things like that. Also Jesus may not have been the son of god or even lived. I find that B.C.E and C.E. More useful
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I understand that viewpoint but history isn't a viewpoint its a truth. and the truth is the BC AD system was created by the catholic church centered on their  belief to be the date of Jesus. to change it to BC CE but keep the exact same year is sorta like cheating history wouldnt you think
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ugh correction. some of us have a test TODAY. wow misrepresenting us...
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Funny cause i have a test tomorrow😂😂😂
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I came across this guy who does excellent "crash courses" for historical topics. My mentor teacher assigned one of his videos as home work (to give an overview). So, here's one of them, although he has many, all of which I've seen do a fairly good job covering their respective topic. The Silk Road and Ancient Trade: Crash Course World History #9
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thank you crash course!! you guys are awesome
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Anyone catch the statue at 7:06 has a necklace of a swastika? 
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+Deepak Sharma http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theosophy A kind of occultism / or multiple esoteric beliefs, which inspired people especially before WW I in Europe.
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I know you lefties love Tibet to death (as least you pretend to). But you have to respect historical facts. Tibetan culture do not have the right to represent Buddhism any more than any other countries with Buddhist traditions. In fact, the Central Asians (like the Yuezhi, the Kucha, the Uyghur, etc) were the ones who spread buddhism to East Asia.
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so you're saying I am one of those rare people that get to travel the world all of the time??? Great!!!  My life is awesome because I do something that most of humanity doesn't. I am satisfied. like I've lived on every continent but antartica
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that's cool -- my aim also :) 
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Hang on one second, the Mongols did find it difficult to conquer... If anything it ended the Mongol Western expansion and that's why they never took Europe.
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+Mfgcasa It wasnt easy for the Mongols to invade China.  During the Mongol invasion, China was divided, Jin empire to the North, and Sung empire to the south.  Southern China was the heart of the Chinese civilization at the time.  It took the Mongols 44 years to conqured it in exact, and it ruled over the whole of China no more than 80 some years.  This is mainly due to the Mongols didnt integrate in to the Chinese culture.  And the lag of civil abilities to rule over such a big land and population. Within ten years of the founding of Chinese Ming Empire, the Mongol military force was totally wiped out near Buir Lake, at Outer Mongolia by the Chinese Ming military.  Their Emperor Uskhal Khan was captured along with over 100 members of his family. 
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+CiscoKid The Mongols lost their crown in China so fast because they knew nothing about how to rule a big country but racism. They considered themselves as winner of war and "guest" instead of new leader of the great empire. They considered the whole China as some booties that can be wasted instead of their LAND which should be managed. They considered Chinese people as slaves instead of THEIR PEOPLE who should be well-treated. As what you said, they never tried to integrate and gain people's heart. Compared with Mongols, Emperors of Qing Dynasty are smarter to some degree, although I do not like both of them.
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yeah if you lived in the14th century you blamed jews and witches for the plague because you would be paranoid and stupid.
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Mr Green! Mr Green! How do they pay for the silk or any other goods? is there any currency system or anything?
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Gold,Silver, Ect. People would trade like "I'll give you some salt for some bread" and they would make a deal. No currency.
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+Omanagan on the contrary, although without a doubt that way was a big part of trading, currency was used as well, although there was no universal currency, money had it's own intrinsic value back then unlike today, because it used to be worth the metal it was made out of, so different currencies weren't really a problem, you just asked for a specific weight of metal (usually silver, e.g. roman denarii, hellenistic minai and the more widespread "talent"). Certainly this was the case in  Europe, Middle East and Indian subcontinent during the chalcolithic to Iron age periods, I don't know so much about later dates though! :)
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It's so true! I DO have a test tomorrow ^.^
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I love this show ... Anyone here who just loves watching history ?
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Really Mr. Green? REALLY? You are a doing a history show and you said: "the largest population decimation in human history. With nearly half of Europeans dying in a four year period." ... Decimation would mean that the population was reduced by a tenth... A fair bit less impressive than "nearly HALF". So no the population was not decimated it was DEVASTATED. DEVASTATE... Please use the word Devastate when you really mean some wholesale destruction because Decimate is nowhere near the word you really want. Decimation was a punishment dolled out to Roman Centurions for failures in battle. They would walk down their line of 100 men and every tenth guy was executed. That is where the idea really comes from in popular use and as you can see it is not that big of a deal.
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