GB
Upload
You're viewing YouTube in English (US).
Switch to another language: | View all
You're viewing YouTube in English.
Switch to another language: | View all

A New Kind of Science - Stephen Wolfram

by University of California Television (UCTV) • 218,159 views

Noted scientist Stephen Wolfram shares his perspective of how the unexpected results of simple computer experiments have forced him to consider a whole new way of looking at processes in our...

rule 30 = ILLUMINATI CONFIRMED
Report spam or abuse
I don't think stephen knows what 'random' means.
Report spam or abuse
+Adam Mangler of all the tasks for a TOE, the bird calculations will be the hardest, lol. Talk about a hard science -- all the data flying away, biting, evolving... partial feathered equations on 4^1000000000 dimensional fitness topology... but at least we don't have to collide them near light speed to discover a gene, thank goodness. Just watched Wolfram on computational complexity. He said most natural systems are likely to be universal turing machines who's output is "computationally irreducible" -- even if you know the rules you can't predict the future output by any formula simpler than just running the rules and seeing what happens. So, seagulls could be as complicated as a star system, or the interior of a proton. Which i hear is something curious, like, a proton has an uncountable number of quarks, plus three. Which by coincidence is the same number of goldfinches i saw this afternoon...
Report spam or abuse
I'm not a math person but wasn't similar complex behaviour from a simple set of rules already known a long time ago (Lorentz attractors, the Mandelbrot set, etc.)?
Report spam or abuse
+Sum Arber Mandelbrot also got into how fractals can be used in science.
Report spam or abuse
48:00 principle of computational equivalence... most natural systems well be universal turing machines
Report spam or abuse
seems to me the whole mathematica principle is more to break down the seeming exponential growth of our existence into recognizable patterns in an effort to see the underlying principles of the universe but how can you quantify and qualify the mathematical formula used in a way that removes the "randomness" and allows us to see the patterns in the "chaos".... I say exponential growth because of the seemingly increasing complexity of life that we are able to recognize and categorize
Report spam or abuse
It kind of upset me that he starts a lot of sentences with "well".
Report spam or abuse
VonVictor Rosenchild Shared on Google+ · 1 month ago
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
This is not particularly original. The over-arching term is 'Emergent phenomena' pioneered by such folks as: Linda Werner, Jill Denner, Shannon, and Weaver, Titsche, Campe, Damon Chizuru and others. This is a little naughty on Stephen Wolfram's part. I think you can still download Shannon and Weavers small computer programs that let you run this stuff yourself.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Jerry Switzer Shared on Google+ · 8 months ago
#Though understanding we will be the change...
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
The video is TOO DARK. Get a competent person to upload material. He is a lousy talker. Pace is too fast, too many wells and lip licking.
Report spam or abuse
he's explaining aether , without admitting......
Report spam or abuse
+lryb3871 Could you elaborate on that? It sounds a bit esotheric to me to be honest. I suspect you are talking about "aether" in something like an alchemical or metaphysical sense. I'd say that this "fifth element" should be considered like something of a placeholder for a function that perhaps can't (or couldn't) be explained yet, not something unto itself.
Report spam or abuse
What kind of people are listening there? I've certainly heard cell phones and loud sneezing.
Report spam or abuse
Computational irreducibility. Explaining complex stuff with simple logic.   Now I know what it feels like when someone is undeniably more intelligent than me. Not just a genius, but humble about it too. Some cellular automata generate metastable pieces that seem to last forever? Jesus, that sounds like evolution: evading the 2nd law of thermodynamics. Hahaha that's fun.
Report spam or abuse
The main problem is, that cells of cellular automates have discrete states (black, white, etc.). Elementary particles have uncertain states 60%black and 40%white. Usually, they are in superposition of several states with several probabilities. So, this new kind of science can discribe our world only roughly, but not exactly. Because, it's a "classical" theory.
Report spam or abuse
At 24:09, aren't phenomena such as cellular automata (and, as Wolfram suggests, fluid turbulence) dependent on simple rules also dependent on initial conditions and therefore just as unrepeatable in the real world as other kinds of chaotic systems? Am I missing something?
Report spam or abuse
+david196609876 Then all the same it's impossible to repeat exactly such initial conditions as, say, the positions of billions of water molecules, no?
Report spam or abuse
+Maurice Green depends on how much the system under observeration is isolated from disturbances from outside. the idea is that, as long as the rules stay the same and the system is not disturbed, its behaviour is perfectly determined (though not easily predicted, as you need to simulate the system step by step just like in chaos theory). if the rules prevent strong interaction between the parts of the system, most likely a repeating pattern will result. if strong interactions occur between the parts, more interesting behaviours emerge - of which some even appear completely random (although they are perfectly determined, just like the digits of pi). in the real world there is no perfectly isolated system however, so the real question is how disturbances from the outside propagate within systems with different rules - and that's such a general question that solutions to that work on all scales and kinds of systems. depending on the rules of the system, a disturbance can be "forgotten" over time and the system may settle to a certain state again; or the disturbance might propagate in some fashion but without fundamentally changing the system; or actually the disturbance might, over time, change how the system "works" completely. chaotic systems are a case of that latter class of systems where disturbances are not only propagated but may completely change the makeup of the system. within this class of systems, depending on how strongly the parts interact and whether there are mechanisms that modify/dampen/amplify the "impulse".
Report spam or abuse
How many times can he say "well"?   Well, I don't know.
Report spam or abuse
I don't know if he knows it or not, but this is all old stuff.
Report spam or abuse
"one node at a time" is convenient for serial simulation, but it creates causal chains that depend upon the order in which nodes are updated; causal invariance is a theoretical myth only applicable to pathologically simple systems.  however, if one posits that every node is updated simultaneously, then his model makes intuitive sense, except that how then, does one explain the observable phenomenon of relativity?
Report spam or abuse
Everything is on the verge of change. Everything.
Report spam or abuse
I'd really love to talk with Stephen Wolfram about my physics.  I'm sure he's super busy, though. :)
Report spam or abuse
Try his book, it's free to read on his website. His power of explaining stuff is great.
Report spam or abuse
Cinema 4D - TurbulenceFD anyone? :P
Report spam or abuse
put all the public data in the cloud and sell it =)
Report spam or abuse
Drinking game:  Every time he says "Well, OK", drink.  But don't plan on driving for  a while
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
I've taken English and split it up into positives according to my own whim.. it works.
Report spam or abuse
I wish this guy would stop constantly flapping his arms.
Report spam or abuse
Cool.  I have a problem that I've had half solved for years.  It fits right in with this.  I'll dig into this a bit deeper.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Doesn't this point quite a lot to the possibility that our world is simulation? And the most basic element we are trying to get to in particle accelerators is actually a very simple discrete unit of code, it's enormous number of copies all interacting with each other. While math is good at modelling the complex outcomes, it's not the most basic workings of the world, that's just purely logical operations.
Report spam or abuse
i agree that once we can harness the very fabric of reality, we will unlock the key to universal replication. we are the simulation child of another universe destined for self-replication! just my humble opinion that sort of plays in concert with yours
Report spam or abuse
I get a similar feeling. The universe just keeps running, it can't help itself, it's locked in and has got to go through the program motions. Maybe it's just a slave to a cellular automaton. Fascinating and bewildering, eh? Science fiction stuff. Maybe one day it will run out but it's not possible to know because the behaviour of some CA are not predictable.
Report spam or abuse
Srikanth G Shared on Google+ · 1 year ago
Cellular Automata can be very useful in modelling complex pattens in various dimensions. Need to read the book!!
Report spam or abuse
Ron Page Shared on Google+ · 8 months ago
A New Kind of Science - Stephen Wolfram
Report spam or abuse
Key word here is "seed" which is what singular recursive functions are all about. Now if only if you could tell Mathematica how to remember (archive) what the seed it is suppose to do each time, reproducing itself with each new branch of completed growth existence, that is, without "ones" intellectual intervention and programing input, that in and of itself would be the miracle. 
Report spam or abuse
Wake Up Neo... The Matrix Has You...
Report spam or abuse
What happens if the Electric Universe theory is applied with this NKS
Report spam or abuse
i had watched this lection and thought that Stephen Wolfram should mention conway's game of life
Report spam or abuse
Does Conway mention Wolfram, often?
Report spam or abuse
Amazing! He really is a genius. I have heard of him and I used Mathematica back in 1989 ... he just blew my mind with his insights.
Report spam or abuse
Regardless of weather I think Wolfram is a genius or a crackpot, it's encouraging to see a company put this much effort into basic research that has no obvious financial payoff. 
Report spam or abuse
+Dylan Valmadre i bet we could program 3d printers to make tissues , bones , nerves from basic stem cells and use atomatatons  outcomes to get desired patterns in turn creating structure like the snowflakes etc..
Report spam or abuse
wolfram-alpha best thing since graphing calcs  move over TI +Dylan Valmadre
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
I think Fibonacci beat him to it.
Report spam or abuse
Perhaps he did not try to win a tiny point, but actually learning more together with others. Strange idea, perhaps.
Report spam or abuse
One of the most enlightening hour and half I ever spent. Now to reading the book.
Report spam or abuse
Stephen, enthusiasm does not equal truth. Maybe you should take up literature? Phrases like "infinite length of transcient" are gobbledegook lit crit. Your phrase."...laws of entropic increase doesn't SEEM to apply to the system ..." is a real laffer. Get ofF the freakin pot.
Report spam or abuse
Xiphias Press Shared on Google+ · 1 year ago
A New Kind of Science - Stephen Wolfram 
Report spam or abuse
Have you ever thought that google's going to start an inner simulation of our present and future on their cloud servers in 5 years or so(depends on appearing a quantum computers). Google is our neural system, conciousness of present and future generations of humanity. Starting from the beginning of known history, the system computations will reach present in about 3-4 years. Then, using information, collected by google and Apple devices, system will sync to the present and then the game will change. System will overcome present time leaping to future. Reality as it's known well be slave of virtual world, unpredictibly advanced. People, born virtually will have a chance to reborn in a cyberbodies, living in a real world. Finally people will understand that there-s no choice actually and will relax. Catchin tha waves....
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
One additional simple rule may be: "asynchonic patterns cause dynamics".
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Amazing man amazing mind.
Report spam or abuse
at time 1:11:13 mathematica is currently on version 9....so much of this is history, interesting listening to Wolfram predicting quantum computers 2-3 years before they were even envisioned...(about the time D-wave was forming up)
Report spam or abuse
+dx dt  Mr. Wolfram attributes to himself lots of things which belong to other people. If someone is misinformed, someone simply "buy" that... better yet: buy his book! and buy his software!
Report spam or abuse
a good idea has a thousand fathers...
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
sick of hearing him say "One"
Report spam or abuse
I love hearing him say "One". One finds it nice and non-egoistic.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Aaron Free Shared on Google+ · 2 years ago
YouTube can be a great learning platform too!
Report spam or abuse
It is not only a new kind of science, it is also a new kind of philosophy in some kind.
Report spam or abuse
Give up Wolfram!  It  ISEN'T  A new kind og observation that "There is no buissnes like showbuissnes"
Report spam or abuse
I strongly suggest the book review on A NEW KIND OF SCIENCE by Steven Weinberg, Nobel laureate in physics.
Report spam or abuse
Every he said "Rule 30" I thought of "Rule 34".  Sorry, someone had to ruin the comments feed; it is YouTube after all.
Report spam or abuse
Shame of physicists. So boastful this guy.
Report spam or abuse
One could expect arguments against belifs that    "it takes supernaturalities to make the complexity etc. of the World", should be  not-metaphysic.
Report spam or abuse
I bought his book when it first came out. This is not new. The Book of Changes - an ancient Chinese Oracle - is working on this principle - on (yang) and off (yin). Leibnitz was impressed with the I Ching - it was Leibnitz who designed the binary system that through Boole and Peirce is the basis of our computer system. Randomness is called mutability in symbolic language. When the on off system reaches eight possibilities mutability occurs.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Its not all that new but one should always listen to Wolfram because he is a deep and passionate thinker. The question he poses is whether the Universe is discreet or continuous or to put it into another way, are "real numbers" for real?
Report spam or abuse
@sh83982 Is this an original comment? I love it... very clever.
Report spam or abuse
@bdogshredder you should read the book, he'll take his time to explain that.
Report spam or abuse
@Revstoningpot I think there's a conceptual argument for its plausibility... inventing a virtual universe... a system which can be classed as modelling the principles of a need not be quite so difficult. As for current science fantasy... a quantum computer may allow us to construct the machine in an external universe.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
I love the Mathematica plugs throughout.
Report spam or abuse
why r so many comments negative about his sense of self? he created some products wrote about some ideas, and is proud of it. who's "supposed" to benifit from the labors of "his" life? altruist bastards.
Report spam or abuse
@3dload really? I know nothing of programming. Is this usually done in mathematica? where can i run some of my ideas?
Report spam or abuse
If you guys want to see more awesome documentaries/talks check out the playlist in my channel!
Report spam or abuse
@ElecEng91 I understand that he's British. There are many people with a wide range of British accents that I have no problem listening to. I found THIS man annoying to listen to, his accent was the LEAST of it. First of all, he is EXTREMELY repetitious, saying "ok, so well, ok, so well" over and over and over. His repeated use of pretentious sounding vocabulary, such as "mathematica" instead of "mathematics" has very little to do with being British and very much to do with being pretentious.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
well ,this was very interesting!
Report spam or abuse
@MagiMysteryTour knowledge is power,I have never wasted any time in my lifetime,looking at peoples flaws,were all flawed,do little things were not aware of,I'm sure if I spent a day with you,I could tell you things about yourself,you wouldn't like,likewise you could do the same with me,I always look beyond when i meet a person.
Report spam or abuse
The game of life is very simple and would produce a pretty simple pattern (immediate isappearence) if, like in Wolframs examples, you woul start out with just one cell. If you choose different starting states employing Wolframs CA, you can get event more complexity. But the very point of this presentation is to show that with minimal complexity in the initial conditions and the rules you get a lot of complex output, so making the initial conditions more complex would miss the point.
Report spam or abuse
He sounds like a narrator of some epic movie saga. And he seems so happy about himself and this story of his discoveries that made me feel good too. Different people acting different ways is what gives color to the world.
Report spam or abuse
And in the meantime Teal talks about a new kind of Age.
Report spam or abuse
I do wish he's stop saying "Well OK." OTOH, he's covering some fascinating stuff.
Report spam or abuse
Not noticed the incantations of "Well, blah, blah" ? its a very annoying way of speaking. Everything is on "high" tone and attention. one conclusion after another etc. He should take some classes on how to tell something to a audience.
Report spam or abuse
This video has impacted me greatly. I am pondering how this could be used in studying brain development/ mental illness etc. This is very enlightening, thanks!
Report spam or abuse
Are you kidding? I was didn't seem to have any time following his lecture in fact most of this stuff I came to the conclusion of on my own time of studying quantum physics, specifically string theory and quantum gravity. Some of the concepts are a bit abstract but I don't see how its a bad lecture. What do you mean by "high" tone also?
Report spam or abuse
You forgot to capitalize the "i" and the "m" in the word "Might" -Might I have a taco? =P
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
This windbag could be a World-Class bagpipe player.
Report spam or abuse
@Uaz31 A designer intent on deception, due to making it appear as though all life has a genetic common ancestor? In any event, until you define "kind" or admit that there is no definition, I will not be continuing this conversation. If you have any questions to ask of how evolution or any other scientific topic works then I'll be happy to help, but if you're unwilling to learn then I'm wasting my time with you. Good luck.
Report spam or abuse
Cool Search otomata in google it's awesom It's a simple program and put starting positions but it can evolve forever I think
Report spam or abuse
One man's story book is another man's guide. If you want to learn it all so to speak you must learn that also. You say it is unimportant scientifically yet modern science says we live in a ten dimensional world of which 4 are knowable and 6 are not. Nachmonides circa 1200 AD said the same thing and he used the Bible as his reference. I think he got the jump on modern science by a mile. Maybe you should give iot an honest try. If you read it as someone seeking truth you will be rewarded with it
Report spam or abuse
I appreciate everything he had to say about this theory of his. I think he may be one of the brightest scientists to come along in 40-50 years. I disagree with his understanding of the end result and it is a matter of a leap of faith on his part. I hope he can enlist the aid of many in his research as this need to be an important avenue of exploration. The greates breakthroughs of the last 100 years have all pointed to intelligent design and once this is refined we will see the same result.
Report spam or abuse
so this guy is trying to become the new newton
Report spam or abuse
Rule 42: the answer to life, the universe and everything.
Report spam or abuse
@JurakaF anything he would create would be a deviation from perfection. thinking it's fucked up is a relative speculation. it could be better, it could be worse. but, the fact remains, in order for these algorithms to work, they must begin, and they must be ultimately informed by something that is not itself a colored, or uncolored, cell.
Report spam or abuse
@bladehaze um sorry but Physics and mathematics are both as you say "utilities" of science. Perhaps you mean that science doesn't use magic like religion, so somehow its wrong? It sounds like your saying God thing made the laws so religion is the only thing truly real, but where is your proof? What is God things utility? Your argument is beyond flawed.
Report spam or abuse
Most interesting ! Thanks for posting !
Report spam or abuse
Even for the simplest computer program that he demonstrates, someone had to write the program. Who wrote the programs found in nature?
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
I reproduced this program in 2 hours, very easy to program.
Report spam or abuse
He didn't write create his ideas, he stole most of it from others without giving credit. This guy is a liar, I read his book during the holidays, and it was interesting as hell, but I had read most of "his" ideas elsewhere. He barely recognizes Conway's work.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Show more Loading...
to add this to Watch Later

Add to

Loading playlists...