GB
Upload
You're viewing YouTube in English (US).
Switch to another language: | View all
You're viewing YouTube in English.
Switch to another language: | View all

Columbus, de Gama, and Zheng He! 15th Century Mariners. Crash Course: World History #21

by CrashCourse • 1,118,834 views

In which John Green teaches you about the beginning of the so-called Age of Discovery. You've probably heard of Christopher Columbus, who "discovered" America in 1492, but what about Vasco da Gama?...

Columbus didn't discover America in 1492; that's when America discovered white people
Report spam or abuse
+SuperHamsterhuey Shit if you gonna try to pull that people were already there joke use the first fucking white man to land on that giant slab of land. Just saying.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
NaMo is the modern day mariner... :p
Report spam or abuse
It was in Portugal Colombus knew of land in the american continent. He was born in Italy, came to study to Portugal, were got his Nautical Permit/License, and later married a Portuguese. Portugal already knew of existence of land in that part of the world due to maps compiled from the otoman empire, in modern day turkey. Portugal fished that north american/canada area for cod fish. And don't forget also the portuguese, you may want the check the roots of the name newfoundland and labrador (modern day canada). In 1499 and 1500, Portuguese explorers João Fernandes Lavrador and Pêro de Barcelos mapped the coast of Labrador, thus naming the land "Labrador" on topographical maps of the period. European settlement was largely concentrated in coastal communities, particularly those south of St. Lewis and Cape Charles, and are among Canada's oldest European settlements. The name Newfoundland is derived from English as "New Found Land" (a translation from the Portuguese Terra Nova, still reflected in the province's French language name, "Terre-Neuve"). The origin of Labrador is credited to João Fernandes Lavrador, the Portuguese navigator who explored the region.
Report spam or abuse
But the vikings was the first to european to discover americas 500 years before coloumbus C:
Report spam or abuse
+Zach Smith just because natives didn't know what discover means :D
Report spam or abuse
I'd prefer to be Zheng He
Report spam or abuse
+MegaChocoManiac You'd prefer to have your nuts cut off? Without any anesthetic?
Report spam or abuse
+Ironzealot7531 a good whack on the head might do... or kill me... 
Report spam or abuse
The BIGGEST mistake that done by Chinese(Ming Dynasty) during that period of time was not conquering the world while we can...I mean fuck we invented Gunpowder, compass and many others things that surpass the rest of the world for decades or even centuries. Instead of killing the natives, raping the local women, looting all the treasures and natural resources and colonising anywhere we went, forcibly install our language and philosophy to the local population while sailing bon voyage around the world we went everywhere and make friends with EVERY FUCKING ONE !!! Heck imagine what happens if Chinese did the exact same things that the British, Spanish, Portuguese and Dutch done during this age of discovery... We were too kind and civilized ... I blame Confusionism and Buddhism in this matter.... Because of him now we Chinese have to face the shame and humiliation that are avoidable since the early mid 19th century cause by the western Europeans and fucking Japs !
Report spam or abuse
+Chu Kim Wtf is the problem in that. it's called taiste. Same can be said the other way around.
Report spam or abuse
The BIGGEST mistake that done by Chinese(Ming Dynasty) during that period of time was not conquering the world while we can...I mean fucking we invented Gunpowder, compass and many others things that surpass the rest of the world for decades or even centuries. Instead of killing the natives, raping the local women, looting all the treasures and natural resources and colonising anywhere we went, forcibly install our language and philosophy to the local population while sailing bon voyage around the world we went everywhere and make friends with EVERY FUCKING ONE !!! Heck imagine what happens if Chinese did the exact same things that the British, Spanish, Portuguese and Dutch done during this age of discovery... We were too kind and civilized ... I blame Confusionism and Buddhism in this matter.... Because of them we Chinese has had to face the shame and humiliation that are avoidable from 1840 to 1945 cause by the fucking western European greedy aggressors and fucking brutal Japs that wanted to occupy the whole China !
Report spam or abuse
I wouldn't call that a mistake, and China is doing very well now, so . . .
Report spam or abuse
Simple Vasco da Gama the creator of the modern trade, besides the Spanish, British, French and Dutch, always came after the pioneer nation of discoveries, Portugal. 
Report spam or abuse
+XZDrake Not all Africans countries have resources, oil and natural gas for example.
Report spam or abuse
+forcadelta5 But that doesn't matter, that just mean you knew which countries to raid.
Report spam or abuse
If he hadn't hit the Caribbean his crew would have died. Since he underestimated the size of the world (which is odd because it was known already) he didn't have enough supplies on board.
Report spam or abuse
Age Of Empire alredy learn me this xD miss the game.....
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Such ignorance! You talk about "beginning" of the Age of Discovery and you only talk about Vasco da Gama?  After the conquest of Ceuta in 1415 (which cut the slave trade of Europeans in those areas) the Age of Discovery began for the Portuguese. Vasco da Gama reached India in 1498. It was several years of exploration and learning. Not to talk about Pedro Álvares Cabral, the one that reached Brasil. Too much information not told, most of it before Vasco da Gama. "Scrappy little Portugal" is just idiotic. Portugal has the oldest frontiers as a country in Europe. Before Spain existed as a unified country. I almost bet the info you got was from wikipedia or less. I know you are u.s.american but still... Columbus was Portuguese trained. He went to Lisbon in 1476 and remained there for several years, seeking the support of the Portuguese king and gathering nautical and geographic intelligence from the returning sailors. He even married a Portuguese woman; obtained navigation charts and related information from his father-in-law, >>>Bartholomew Perestrelo<<<, who was the governor of the island of Porto Santo in Madeira (just an island we discovered). You don't even talk the why we went to India by that route and the importance of that maritime route. Your words are well suited for you "if you are not an expert in something do not pretend to be an expert in something".
Report spam or abuse
I understand the rage. But still I ll give them a pass. On a small note... a curiosity. When I knew that my mind got blown away. Suposedly Portugal already had reached the coast of america before 1500 (they reached the brazil coastline and saw natives wearing "valuable trinkets") . It was kept secret from the other european (mainly spain) states so that they don't went there exploring and claiming there. That's why, when the treaty was made between Spain and Portugal they separated the "world" precicely in that meridian,that contained the far east of brazil.
Report spam or abuse
De Gamo had a beard, obvious winner!
Report spam or abuse
And he died having testicles
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Zheng He's impact on the world, despite the massive size of his armada or as impressive as his treasure ships were, is close to pretty much nil.
Report spam or abuse
Really like how there are Master Swords
Report spam or abuse
So which is true? Columbus discovered America or Columbus discovered the West Indies? Because I've heard both and am very confused.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
History of the Portuguese "empire"and it's ambitions explain quite a lot why Brazil is messy nowadays.
Report spam or abuse
+Safados Ateus Why did you put empire in quotation marks?
Report spam or abuse
+jumpinthefire23 Probably due to my frustration with Brazil's past, and also because of this "control" Portugal managed to take over the Indian ocean taxes.
Report spam or abuse
haha spain was the greatest power in europe... yeah right
Report spam or abuse
+notice me Miyazaki senpai Are you for real? Your sources are wikipedia and google? I'm impressed. So you press some keys and you think you know Portuguese History better than us, Portuguese? You're the Jedi of History. Obiwan Cannelloni!
Report spam or abuse
+notice me Miyazaki senpai wikipedia is not a credible source.
Report spam or abuse
I start watching this to study for history midterms realize halfway thru tht it doesnt have all the info i need yet continue watching it cuz its interesting and awesome. 😀
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Colombus WAS an idiot. You were right, John Green from the past.
Report spam or abuse
I'm pretty sure a 400 foot wooden ship wouldn't be seaworthy. It might work in coastal waters but it would flex too much on the open sea. Also it's generally accepted among the scientific community that the main reason China slipped behind Europe technologically was because they produced fine china. They had no need to use glass. To them it was merely a curiosity. Whereas it was a cheap alternative to porcelain for Europeans. The use of glass led to hundreds of new products, the discovery of chemistry and the periodic table. Like the soon to end period of European/white "supremacy" it's a product of lucky accidents rather than any kind of intellectual superiority. It's also worth noting that the Chinese culture values conformity more whereas the European culture values individualism more. Which is possibly why they discovered so many things but never developed them to the extent Europe did.
Report spam or abuse
+Derek Kent  actually there are plans to build wooden skyscrapers
Report spam or abuse
+mbanana23456 I am aware of this but it's generally held that the limit in height is currently 30 or so stories for wooden structures (That's about 500 feet. Given enough research and development higher structures would definitely be possible. However a substantial amount of any such "wooden" structure would be materials that aren't wood. They'd be metal, plastic and other man made composites. Here's an experiment for you to try. Get hold of a wooden door and wait until you have a day with wind speeds of about 6 mph. Go for a walk holding the door in front of you. Then walk down to the beach and walk into the sea, where the waves are moving at about 6 mph, still holding the door in front of you. See how long you can hold back the waves (It can't be that hard, water is only slightly thicker than wind). Then see if you can work out why, when most of the weight of a rocket is liquid oxygen, they don't make spaceships out of fresh air . It's entirely possible. All you have to do is cool the air enough to make it solidify. Ponder why it is that wooden skyscrapers are in the future while concrete ones are in our cities.
Report spam or abuse
I subscribed to this because I like history but after watching this homo I am having second thoughts.
Report spam or abuse
Historical fact, Christopher Columbus enjoyed raping 9 year old girls as did many of the members of his crew. They would cut the hands off of natives for no crime whatsoever, they would then force the natives to wear their severed hands around their necks. This served as a warning to other natives, to do as you were told and to submit to power. This is the legacy of Christopher Columbus, this is the truth.
Report spam or abuse
+kingofprussia17 do some research about Columbus it's a fact
Report spam or abuse
+Horny Dolphin I have, I think you and the other hardcore revisionist liberals need to do some actual research from actual historians.
Report spam or abuse
So Portuguese are just as bad as Venetians. Pirates scum! Nehru sure teach them a lesson by forcefully reclaiming the trading post of Goa for India, which then  scared the Portuguese so much that decades afterwards convinced them to give up Macau and return it to China.
Report spam or abuse
Now you are using fallacies. What has never happened can't be proven to be the case in an alternate timeline. Hog Kong was not independent, so no point using a fallacy assuming it did. We might as well use our efforts to resolve Hong Kong's current social problems. And your last point on self-determination is of a political nature no matter where you look in the world. There is no absolute law historically to abide by, because laws are mere tools for the big political players. They have the choice to abide by it or not so long as they see it fit their interest. This is human nature as explained by Machiavelli.
Report spam or abuse
+theboyuan0jcfan The whole free-market economy Hong Kong has, always made me think of it has an autonomous city-state. But you're right it never was really independent. I'm sure it has social problems and I hope they deal with it in the best possible way. Becoming independent doesn't seem very plausible but if they want to, they have the right to fight for that. That's political I guess, but it's their choice and not mine. So that's up to them.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Anyone else finding the comedic gold hidden in the subtitles?
Report spam or abuse
Columbus wins, Spanish silver launched European economy into the forefront and made the current world possible. I understand some people are not fond of that current world, but your opinion doesn't matter. No other world exist. You have no way of proving a different history would have been better. Spanish silver expanded the trade that civilization is built on. this would be why people say money is what makes the world go around.
Report spam or abuse
something like 5%of the African slave trade came to United States, as bad as they had it, they were the lucky ones.... trail of tears was brutal and inhumane, the tactics of other Indian tribes to clear territory were far more brutal. when you have a point, lets hear it... so far you have made no point. maby if the viking settlements have been more successful, the native people would have had more time to adapt to contact with the outside world, but that didn't happen....
Report spam or abuse
You've already heard my point.  Believing that other potential events that could have happened might have been better or worse, is the only reason we could possibly have to care about what happened in the past.  If it's impossible to determine if other potential courses of events would have been better or worse then there is no reason to bother to learn about the past, because the past would be irrelevant; there would be no lessons that could possibly be drawn from it. You are on a thread devoted to history and your position is fundamentally arguing that the study of history is without merit.  So if you honestly believe that then what are you doing here?  Leave those of us who care about history alone and stop shitting on our hobby, even if it seems like worthless time-wasting to you.
Report spam or abuse
Glorified pirates my ass!
Report spam or abuse
XD anyone else see the Master Sword at 3:00 ?
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
After watching the ignorance about Portuguese history in this movie I'm quite afraid that what I have learned so far will be trustworthy and impartial. I have never understood why other countries need to bully Portugal. We have some interesting periods in our history and this is one of them, so please be factual and not judgemental because that's how you should tell world history!!! And if you are making a great effort to reinforce the importance that the east (middle east, china, india, mongols, etc) has in history please do that with all the countries!!!
Report spam or abuse
Zheng He all the way I'd rather be remembered as smart by a few, than remembered by all for being a fool.
Report spam or abuse
the sword of time was a trade item 3:00
Report spam or abuse
Gotta love playing the Ming in Europa Universalis 4
Report spam or abuse
+vadas pikas yeah, if russia gets time of troubles, you can take them over in a few wars.  I once did a world conquest as Lithuania, i can give you some pictures if you want
Report spam or abuse
i did it myself:D got all the russia  and half of japan just becouse;D
Report spam or abuse
I know Zheng He! Me see too many big boats!
Report spam or abuse
Portugal is the beste trader on 15 century
Report spam or abuse
'Columbus was an italian american hero, end of story!' --Tony Soprano
Report spam or abuse
Mr key is cool sike
Report spam or abuse
I still don't see Columbus as all that great. The Americas are rather long, and if you sail from Spain west, then you'll probably hit them eventually. I think he was dumb because he used maps that were out of date, even when he was alive.
Report spam or abuse
I strongly recommend a movie called "Y también la lluvia" (even the rain) with Gael García Bernal.
Report spam or abuse
THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE FORCED EUROPEANS TO FIND A NEW WAY TO ASIA BY CONQUERING CONSTANTINOPLE!!
Report spam or abuse
They didn't force them, the Europeans just hated them
Report spam or abuse
please do not generalize, portugal did not hate the ottomans, actually, otomans occupied this region before and we still have plenty words with arabic origin. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Portuguese_words_of_Arabic_origin the city i was born is called "alcobaça" and every turist loves the portuguese "algarve", and "açorda" is a national delicacy and our capital once had the name "al-ushbuna" (VII century), now lisbon(...) all arabic words. there are over 200 arabic words in our dictionary today. this is in part why portuguese is so much different from spanish and why they don't understand us when we talk. also, technology. irrigation and agriculture techniques, navigation and instruments, charts all this made portugal a superpower in the XVI century, and we owe it to the arabic that once lived here. even after the first decade of the year 1500, we maintained trade agreements with somalia, arabia and persia regions, and also non arabics like india.  we can owe our world trade expansion to the early arabics living in modern day portugal. if the ottomans had not kept same prices in the spice and oriental trade, we would not have found most of the coastline of the modern world. so, no, the europeans did not hate the ottomans.
Report spam or abuse
well...I would rather love to be the British who would capitalise on such discoveries and learnings and rise well enough to be the foremost Imperial Superpower for three centuries......:)
Report spam or abuse
Is there not a theory that Zheng He landed in western South America?
Report spam or abuse
He didn't he never went past the southern tip of africa
Report spam or abuse
+003Rifal Absolutely false anti-western, eastern triumphalist propaganda.
Report spam or abuse
Portugual was much more than that, said thus to seem a stupid ...
Report spam or abuse
they all wanted to search India bcause they were crazy for the spices that we sell in return of GOLD. we Indian were very rich and powerful at that time, we had KOHINOOR diamond.. which later stolen by outsiders !
Report spam or abuse
"Which meant that christian crusading spirit was quite strong there presumably because muslims had brought so much stability and prosperity to the region". Only if you don't take into account that the capture of Ceuta in Morocco in 1415 was in part meant to fight Granadine and North African pirates who in some cases plundered the Iberian coastline all the way till northern Spain ever since the start of the Reconquista. For this reason Portugal has in fact the oldest operating navy in the world. "Vasco da Gama was the first of Henry's protégés to make it around Africa and into the Indian Ocean". Prince Henry died in 1460 and Vasco da Gama was born in 1469.
Report spam or abuse
By the time columbus reach america the portuguese had already disvovered brazil. Bullshit video
Report spam or abuse
+Hugo Meireles No! You are LITERALLY retarded.
Report spam or abuse
So ignorant people we can find in internet.. doesnt know whats talking about, at least about Portuguese (not portugese) empire, and put here videos to mistake the people. Bravo!
Report spam or abuse
dude you're so funny...love your lessons..
Report spam or abuse
I'm still pretty puzzled. The Portugese robbed the Porteges of their cartaz so they could trade with Portugese? Did i get it right?
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
It´s really weird they have forgotten the first mariner who circumnavigate earth: JUAN SEBASTIAN ELCANO with FERNANDO DE MAGALLANES. Funny video but please, speak slowly.
Report spam or abuse
I would definitely be the administrator because you get to control the people who leave the legacies and the daring captains.
Report spam or abuse
What is general anistesia? Do I want to know?
Report spam or abuse
Along the way, on the outgoing voyage, Gama's fleet opened contact with the East African gold trading port of Sofala, and reduced the sultanate of Kilwa to tribute, extracting a substantial sum of gold. On reaching India in October 1502, Gama's fleet set about capturing any Arab vessel he came across in Indian waters, most notoriously the Miri, a pilgrim ship from Mecca, whose passengers he had massacred in open water.[24] He then appeared before Calicut, demanding redress for the treatment meted out to Cabral. While the Zamorin was willing to sign a new treaty,[25] Da Gama made a preposterous call to the Hindu king to expel all Muslims from Calicut before beginning negotiations, which was naturally turned down. The Portuguese fleet then bombarded the city for nearly two days from the sea shore, severely damaging the unfortified city. He also captured several rice vessels and barbarously cut off the crew's hands, ears and noses, dispatching them with an insulting note to the Zamorin.[26] A depiction of da Gama's fleet (from the Livro das Armadas). The violent treatment meted out by da Gama quickly brought trade along the Malabar Coast of India, upon which Calicut depended, to a standstill. But the Zamorin nonetheless refused to submit to Portuguese terms, and even ventured to hire a fleet of strong warships to challenge da Gama's armada (which da Gama managed to defeat in a naval battle before Calicut harbor). Da Gama loaded up with spices at Cochin and Cannanore, small nearby kingdoms, half-vassal and half-at-war with the Zamorin, whose alliances had been secured by prior Portuguese fleets. The 4th armada left India in early 1503. Da Gama left behind a small squadron of caravels, under the command of his uncle, Vicente Sodré, to patrol the Indian coast, continue harassing Calicut shipping and protect the Portuguese factories at Cochin and Cannanore from the Zamorin's inevitable reprisals.
Report spam or abuse
How about America Vuspaci?
Report spam or abuse
cough ITS AMERIGO cough
Report spam or abuse
Oh sorry my bad, I meant to type Americo, as it's spelled in my country haha
Report spam or abuse
Columbus didn't discover America the Americans did
Report spam or abuse
yes i understand and agreed with your point complete, it pretty common knowledge where I came from.. i'm just genuinely curious which tribe first establish themselves in north america
Report spam or abuse
As a descendant of Leif Ericson I still have little respect for that man [Columbus]
Report spam or abuse
+FinalStarmanDX Leif didn't make a permanent impact.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
At the time of Zheng He Chinese have mastered that technique of building giant ships other countries cannot achieve. Then why China kept losing navel warfare with British and French in 19th centuries?
Report spam or abuse
+Clee4000  No, it proved we are more advanced than you. God, I can't stand this modern Chinese propaganda that being the world's leading super power is somehow just the natural order of things.
Report spam or abuse
+XZDrake No trolling please and no hate you racist. 
Report spam or abuse
Vasco da Gama rules !!!
Report spam or abuse
Africa and America LOVES CHINA, UP, UP, UP WITH BRICS NATIONS AND FUCK ANGLONAZI YANKEE DEVIL EMPIRE!!
Report spam or abuse
+Caribaney Chatoyer LOL! The West will continue. Down with your Oriental triumphalism.
Report spam or abuse
All of your videos are awesome! Can you make one for the Qing Dynasty?
Report spam or abuse
The most educational statement on youtube (maybe the internet) for History majors or aspiring ones. Incase you think that you can mask expertise by broad generalizations and oversimplifications hopefully you'll have a professor who takes as much joy in humiliating her students as I did. "If you're not an expert in something don't pretend to be an expert . . ." - J Green.
Report spam or abuse
This video gave me goosebumps.
Report spam or abuse
6:03 pause and turn on subtitles heheh
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
as cool as it is to think that Zheng-he had epic mecha flagships, from an engineering standpoint those things would be damn near impossible to take on rougher seas. They found the rudder for one of those supposed flagships and it was a rudder sized for a ship of about 60m (which was average ship for the Western countries) instead of the supposed legendary 180m ships that Zheng-he might have had. Shame on you, John! I expected you to mention that.
Report spam or abuse
+Some Guy somewhere By 'huge' you mean significantly smaller than the flagship of Henry V, laid down in 1416? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_Dieu_%28ship%29
Report spam or abuse
Good video, but it would have been cool if you you mentioned the the Azores, Canaries, etc. That paved the way for transatlantic trade.
Report spam or abuse
7:21 may be my favorite John Green moment ever.
Report spam or abuse
Waitasec, NOW it's truly world history? Where's the segment about the great ancient civilizations of North and South America?
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
I would want to be like Zheng!
Report spam or abuse
Da gama is a pirate & a extremist terrorist
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
So curious fact: the Line of Demarcation is the reason why the Western Australian border is where it is. The British only initially claimed the eastern part of Australia as the west was in Portugal's zone and they were an ally (up until the great earthquake of 1777 when they ceased to be as important).
Report spam or abuse
Fun and fascinating. Kenneth McIntyre's book " the Secret Discovery of Australia" discusses his theory that the Portugese circumnavigated Aus just after Vasco da Gama made it into the Indian Ocean. There are interesting maps, tantalising archaeological finds and the story of the mahogany ship wrecked on the west coast of Victoria. But I think his theory remains an outlier. The achievements of the Ming Dynasty exploits are particularly astonishing to those of us who grew up in a time when China was uncharacteristically weak.
Report spam or abuse
I guess Churchill was right after all "History is written by the victors"
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
De Gama and the Zheng He didn't do anything that anybody else has not done before. They only followed the coast. Columbus did something new, he dare to sail on the open ocean. This was unknown and unexplored. Not many people would do that. I is a gigantic acomplishment.
Report spam or abuse
I don´t think any smart people in Europe thought that world was flat. Maybe some really stupid people but the most of the scientists and even in church knew the world was round. There were much of the jewish and muslim litterature copied and distributed in Europe, and many maps of turkish Piri Reis and other explorers like Ibn Batuta, so the world knew what is the truth but the problem was they couldn't say it publicly, and they didn't know about the details, how big the world was...the proportions of the sea and land.
Report spam or abuse
+JEBIVJETAR PRCOJEVIC Piri Reis map only was useful to Columbus because it shows america localization, that has nothing to do with Vasco da Gama route. None of those ancient maps had shown a connection between atlantic ocean and indian ocean. The route followed for Vasco da Gama was based on previous exploration on africa coast. The Portuguese started to explore the atlantic ocean in early 14 century (somewhere between 1325 and 1345) and after a lot of exploring near to africa they got the information that was a connection between oceans. Vasco Da gama was the first to survive by passing the Cape of Good Hope, in south Africa. Alot of previous explorers tried and failed paying with their lives. Muslim knowledge was important, because it taught to the portuguese about new techniques of sailing, orientation and cartography, but didn't teach them about any secret route to india. You're right about the belief of round earth.
Report spam or abuse
Legacy matters at the end.
Report spam or abuse
Mmm, Spain was already the leading power in Europe before the New World's resources had a significant impact. One could say that, altogether with the colonization of the new world, the other events (After the unification of Castile and Aragon and the reconquest of Granada) that made Spain the top power were the Italian Wars and the Habpsburg heritage through Charles the Vth, both of which were achieved up to the 1520s, that is before even the conquests of the Aztecs or the Incas were conducted or before any significant base of power and trade could be established. The Spanish Kingoms were largely ignored by central european powers because they were focused on their southern front (aka, the muslims) and also because they were divided and were often rivals. But when there were no more moors to conquer, they turned their attention to Europe, and the 2 major kingdoms in the peninsula united, creating a strong competitor in the European theatre, and let's not mention they later inherited the Burgundian territories and became rulers of the HRE,  and all that would had happened even if the discovery of America had not happened.  To be honest, the wealth of the Americas mostly contributed to inflation problems and to encourage the rulers of spain into getting involved into costly and pointless conflicts...
Report spam or abuse
+Joel Santos I wouldn't consider Portugal "trumped" by Spain. Felipe had a legitimate direct claim to the throne of Portugal, he just inherited it after a succesion war (which was pretty common at the times, her very grandomother, Queen Isabella, had to fight one to get to her throne). Nationalism was borderline unexistant at the time, there were just several valid claimants, and they all pressed their advantages. In fact, there were portuguese troops and ships fighting for Felipe (like at the Battle of the Terceira Islands). The Spanish Empire at the time was not Spain with subjugated vassals, but rather a multinational blend in which germans, burgundians (dutch, belgians), italians, spaniards and later portuguese fought among each other, there was no particular preeminence of one nationality over the other (Emperor Charles himself being a native french-speaker from what today is Belgium), and you had Germans fighting for the interests of Spain in the middle of the Atlantic same as spaniards fighting for the interest of the HRE as far as Prague or Vienna themselves. The vast majority of the Spanish/Imperial dominions (save for Portugal and northern Italy) were inherited peacefully through diplomacy and strategic marriages, it was not preciselly a single nation vanquishing others. The only real common enemies were the French, the Turks and the Protestants. Spain and Portugal have had a very long and linked history, and both nations have had their times. Portugal had Aljubarrota, Spain had Alcántara and Terceira, and they also fought together in several ocassions.  I personally would have prefered that both crowns had remained together, and not as a Spanish conquest, but as the sisters both nations have always been. Together Portugal and Spain would have probably avoided to fade from history after the XIXth. century and remain a relevant nation in Europe (and maybe worldwide) today. It was not about conquests or religions. In the 16th. century Europe wasted a chance that wouldn't regain until our times with the European Union.
Report spam or abuse
+· HigoChumbo · I know a lot of portuguese people, some are friends and some not so much, but its easy to see that portuguese people have a very similar way of life, same religion a language witch for my expirience can be understood without even learning it and vice versa... they are really like sisters and I sure would be happy if they had united back then, or actually stood united and I sure would be happy to see a united iberian peninsula.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
To you folks that are defending Europeans colonizing, saying that if other empires around the world had the technology to conquer countries overseas then then they would. Just have a look at Zheng He's armada which could rival all of Europe combined, they didn't go off on large conquest.
Report spam or abuse
+Christian Nava I agree with you Christian Nava.
Report spam or abuse
+Christian Nava Except the Chinese DID NOT have the technology for conquest, no one had the tech to conquer Africa until the 1800s. Furthermore, the Chinese conquered as much as they could UNTIL they were beaten back by the Muslims. Look what the Muslims did until they were beaten back by the Hapsburgs. Look what the Inca and Aztecs did until they were conquered by the spanish. Look at what Shaka did to South Africa before he was defeated. Your theory that Europeans are just especially evil is in denial of history.
Report spam or abuse
I would definitely want to be Zheng He. He was, as John said, a smart administrator with excellent sailing skills.
Report spam or abuse
Probably Zheng He, to be honest. Seems the least evil.
Report spam or abuse
+Stephan Stross ......he was basically a mafia enforcers. His whole job was to go to kingdoms and demand they submit to the emperor and offer tribute.
Report spam or abuse
Que canal tan malo. Como se nota que no hacen una investigación seria y objetiva.
Report spam or abuse
why do u say scrappy little portugal, im from portugal and like that wasn't really funny for me... like I ADORE U like ur my favorite writter and ur books are my favorite books i've read them all like 6 times but.. ugh i was just like.... No please no... PORTUGAL IS AMAZING hhahhaha still i love u :)
Report spam or abuse
The Kingdom of Prestor John was mentioned in legend as being located somewhere in Asia, possibly India.  This video is in fact the first time I've ever heard of Prestor John being in Africa.
Report spam or abuse
+CatholicDragoon They thought it was in Africa AFTER they realized it wasn't in Asia.
Report spam or abuse
Team Zhang He! ....Just kidding. I only like him because he visited Indonesia, even though the idea of a nation-state called Indonesia wasn't exists back then.
Report spam or abuse
Lol, Zheng He is too fucking kind and friendly compared to the Dutch
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Yeah.. more on Australia.. but it might only take you about 15 seconds.. on second thought you can leave us as an Annex. Keep up the good work! 
Report spam or abuse
Immortality is not being good at what you do or being a good administrator like Zheng He or Vasco da Gama. Immortality is being controversial (history's bad boy or bad girl), so conroversial that people remember you. Colombus is a good example. So is Cleopatra. Sorry, Zheng He, nice guys finish last.
Report spam or abuse
Neighbour Spain? I thought Spain did not exist at the time... And Isabella of Spain?
Report spam or abuse
+Yomom Yomom  No, more like Scotland, Wales, and England are all the same country.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
The Portuguese tried to capture Mogadishu but they were pushed back. Mogadishu is truly a historic place Ibn battuta travelled there at its height and Zheng he ,even tried to take over but just gave up and traded with them. It was never apart of the Swahili coast it was always controlled by Somalis and spoke Somali which is just as old if not older than Arabic.
Report spam or abuse
Zheng He's armada never had an idea of taking any land that they found... dont bullshit here
Report spam or abuse
I can't believe when you mentioned the 400 ft treasure ships you didn't say how wildly optimistic that measurement is. They were probably around 250 feet. The longest well documented wooden ship that was "sea worthy" was 370 ft long and was extremely impractical. It was built by France in the 1860s. At that time the Europeans had access to the best technology and building techniques the world had yet seen. There is no way the Chinese could have made a sea worthy ship in the 1400s that was 400 ft long.
Report spam or abuse
I would want to be a daring captain. I may not be rich or famous but I'd never be bored.
Report spam or abuse
Am I the only one who notices that he keeps misspelling Islam? سلام : hello اسلام: islam
Report spam or abuse
+majid God Arabic is stupid.
Report spam or abuse
Vasco Da Gama kills alot of muslim merchant and destroy alot of muslim traders ship especially in Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia. Portugal also destroy many muslim kingdom such as Malacca Sultanate etc
Report spam or abuse
+afifi hasan True, the same was done by muslims against Portugal. For example before Portugal conquering Ceuta it is reported that muslim slavers normally attacked the coast of southern europe to get slaves or even to get prisoners for ransom.
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
yeah, you know what "China" means in Chinese ? "Middle Earth". Torkien would say, "What ?!!!"
Report spam or abuse
technically it's "middle country" or state, whatever you want to translate 国 into, anyway it's not earth
Report spam or abuse
Report spam or abuse
Show more Loading...
to add this to Watch Later

Add to

Loading playlists...