Fracking Explained with Animation
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Uploaded on Aug 2, 2011
For more information, refer to our blog post on fracking litigation: http://www.a2lc.com/blog/bid/39467/Hy...
A2L Consulting is often called upon to create lobbying graphics for use outside the courtroom. This advocacy presentation demonstrates how a well crafted PowerPoint can be combined with a narrator to create a persuasive presentation. Such advocacy graphics can widely distributed in advance of litigation to educate a target audience, to communicate with regulators and also used in settlement negotiations. Designed for ease of use, our persuasive presentations may be distributed as self-running PowerPoint presentations, on YouTube or presented on an iPad. Copyright A2L Consulting 2011 - 800.337.7697 - A2LC.com
Hydraulic Fracturing, more commonly known as "Fracking," is a process, which allows natural gas to be extracted. Fracking has proven itself to be helpful in alleviating some dependents on the importation of foreign fuels, and is a stepping-stone for new technologies and energy independence for the United States.
Until recently, pockets of natural gas have been lying approximately 1.5 miles beneath the surface of U.S. soil. Fracking allows us to recover this resource and bring relief to the ever-growing energy crisis facing the U.S. The fracking process has been used, or is currently being used, in a number of states.
The process begins with drilling a borehole into the earth to a depth of approximately 1.5 miles or about 7,700 feet below the surface. Safety is a top priority, and precautionary measures are in place surrounding the borehole, such as protective steel casing, as well as additional cement casing at ground water levels.
To help visualize the extreme depths at which extraction occurs, imagine you are standing on the observation deck of the Sears Tower, now known as the Willis Tower, in Chicago, Illinois, and you were looking down to the streets below. Now imagine five of the Willis Tower's stacked on top of each other, and looking downward from that distance. Five Willis Towers stacked vertically are the equivalent of 7,700 feet, the approximate death at which extraction occurs.
One of the main concerns voiced by those opposing fracking, is the potential to contaminate the underground water supply. Preservation of ground water quality is the first priority in the fracking process, and this is addressed by placing additional steel cement casings around the borehole to prevent leaks in the aquifer. As the borehole is drilled into the ground, it passes through many different layers of earth and several thousand feet of solid rock layers. These rock layers, such as granite for example, are extremely dense, and therefore not affected during the fracking process. The density of those layers acts as a natural barrier between the shale layer where the extraction occurs, and the groundwater level, and thereby will prevent any natural gas or chemicals from seeping into the ground water supply.
Fracking provides a valuable energy source for the United States. Natural gas is a clean fossil fuel. Using natural gas as an energy source, in lieu of other energy sources, such as coal for example, will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 17%, and thus lead the United States towards a carbon-light environment. Moreover, the abundance of natural gas on U.S. soil will not only support America's energy needs for a longer period of time than other fossil fuels, it will also create jobs, stimulate the economy, and enable the United States to produce its own energy supply that in turn reduces our need to rely on foreign fuel imports.
Extracting natural gas by fracking provides enormous benefits with minimal risks. It lowers energy costs and benefits the environment. The potential risks involved in fracking are minimal, and are easily managed. As we have seen here, ground water is protected by thick steel tubing and cement casing, and fracking occurs miles away from drinking water. New technologies and processes continue to ensure that safety is a top priority.
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