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Ötzi's Y-DNA-HG Egarter Interview Summer 2011

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Uploaded on Sep 14, 2011

Ötzi's DNA, Y-Chromosome, Ancient Y-DNA Haplogroup G2a4.

Interview Dr. Eduard Egarter-Vigl, Head of Conservation and Assistant to research projects of the Archaeological Museum in Bozen.
From the Docu-Movie: "Ötzi, ein Archäologiekrimi" [Ötzi, a Archaeology Crime] by Christine Sprachmann [CC-BY].
TV-Broadcasted by 3sat 10th august 2011 and br-alpha 13th september 2011.

[Translated content]
Since six months, the full decoding of the genome of the Iceman is done. It has been sequenced and it is almost totally there. Certain genes that are relevant to the origin, Y-chromosome, for example, can be examined well. The characterization of the genome regarding the origin goes over [...] information known as haplogroups. This is a summary of information. And the haplogroup to which the Iceman belonged is the haplogroup G2a4. So, this is a terminus tecnicus who don't tell anyone something, but it is so. And this group is known, that it is now very rare in Europe. Interestingly, it is still in Sardinia. Sardinia is as an island a so-called Micro-isolate where the population has hardly changed and so has developed genetically fairly constant. But there is this haplogroup [...] in Eurasian regions, ie those from which we know that Europe was actually populated.

[Original german text]
Seit 6 Monaten gibt es die vollkommene Entschlüsselung des Genoms von Ötzi. Sie ist sequenziert worden und es ist nahezu vollständig da. Man kann also bestimmte Gene, die für die Abstammung relevant sind, Y-Chromosom z.B., gut untersuchen. Die Charakterisierung des Genoms hinsichtlich der Herkunft läuft über [...] Informationen die man als Haplogruppen bezeichnet. Das ist so eine Zusammenfassung von Informationen. Und die Haplogruppe der der Eismann angehört, ist die Haplogruppe G2a4. So, das ist ein Terminus Tecnicus der niemanden was sagen wird, aber so ist es. Und diese Gruppe weiß man, gibt es heute in Europa sehr selten. Interessanterweise gibt es sie noch in Sardinien. Sardinien ist als Insel ein sogenanntes Mikroisolat wo sich die Bevölkerung kaum ausgetauscht hat und deswegen ziemlich konstant entwickelt hat genetisch. Aber es gibt diese Haplogruppe [...] auch in eurasischen Gebieten, also diejenigen aus denen wir wissen dass Europa eigentlich bevölkert wurde.

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