hardware and software solutions for pressure-volume loop studies in small rodents to large animals
emka TECHNOLOGIES provides complete hardware and software solutions for pressure-volume (pv) loop studies in a wide range of species, from small rodents to large animals.
The systems use the conductance catheter technique for the volume signal. The catheter has several ring electrodes along its length and is positioned in the left ventricle. Conductance between pairs of electrodes is measured. iox2 software uses these measurements to calculate up to 5 segmental volumes, and in turn total left ventricular volume.