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Britten - War Requiem - Libera me Pt. 3-3

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Uploaded on Nov 11, 2008

The War Requiem, Op. 66 is a large-scale, non-liturgical setting of the Requiem Mass composed by Benjamin Britten in 1962. Interspersed with the traditional Latin texts are pasted, collage-like, settings of Wilfred Owen poems. The work is scored for soprano, tenor and baritone soloists, chorus, boys' choir, organ, and two orchestras (a full orchestra and a chamber orchestra).

The War Requiem was commissioned for the reconsecration of Coventry Cathedral on May 30, 1962 after the original fourteenth century structure was destroyed in a World War II bombing raid on the night of November 14, 1940. As a pacifist, Britten was inspired by the commission, which gave him complete freedom in choosing the type of music he would like to compose. He conceived of setting the traditional Latin Mass for the Dead interwoven with nine poems about war by the English poet Wilfred Owen. Owen, who was born in 1893, was serving as the commander of a rifle company when he was killed in action on 4 November 1918 during the crossing of the Sambre-Oise Canal in France, just one week before the Armistice. Although he was virtually unknown at the time of his death, he has subsequently come to be revered as one of the great war poets.


Libera me:

Libera me (soprano solo and chorus)
Strange Meeting ("It seems that out of battle I escaped") (tenor and baritone soli)
In paradisum (All)
Conclusion -Requiem Aeternam and Requiescat in Pace (Organ, Boys` choir and Mixed Chorus)


Tenor and Baritone:
Let us sleep now..."


Boys, then Chorus, then Soprano:
In paridisum deducant te Angeli;
in tuo adventu suscipiant te Martyres,
et perducant te in civitatem sanctam
Jerusalem. Chorus Angelorum te suscipiat,
et cum Lazaro quondam paupere aeternam
habeas requiem.


Boys, then Chorus, then Soprano:
Into Paradise may the Angels lead thee:
at thy coming may the Martyrs receive thee,
and bring thee into the holy city
Jerusalem. May the Choir of Angels receive thee
and with Lazarus, once poor,
may thou have eternal rest.


Boys:
Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine:
et lux perpetua luceat eis.


Boys:
Lord, grant them eternal rest,
and let the perpetual light shine upon them.


Chorus:
In paradisum deducant etc.


Chorus:
Into Paradise, etc.


Soprano:
Chorus Angeloru, te suscipiat etc.


Soprano:
May the Choir of Angels, etc.


Tenor and Baritone:
Let us sleep now.


Chorus:
Requiescant in pace. Amen.


Chorus
Let them rest in peace. Amen.


Galina Vishnevskaya (soprano)
Peter Pears (tenor)
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (baritone)

The Bach Choir
London Symphony Chorus
Highgate School Choir

Melos Ensemble
London Symphony Orchestra
Benjamin Britten cond.

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