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The legendary lost city of Machu Picchu (High Quality)

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Uploaded on May 1, 2008

I have reloaded this old video because old videos are not available in HQ.

This clip is an extented version of :
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6jJW7a...

(without the train and with different music)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_Pi... (English)
http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_Pi... (Espanol)
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_Pi... (Français)
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_Pi... (Deutch)
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/マチュ・ピチュ (日本語)
http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/马丘比丘 (中文)
Machu Picchu (del quechua machu, viejo, y picchu cima, es decir, "cima vieja") es el nombre contemporáneo de las ruinas de una antigua llacta (poblado) inca de piedra (cuyo nombre original habría sido Picchu o Picho 1) construido principalmente a mediados del siglo XV en el promontorio rocoso que une las montañas Machu Picchu y Huayna Picchu en la Provincia de Urubamba, en la Región Cusco, en Perú.
Documentos coloniales 2 sugieren que Machu Picchu habría sido una especie de palacio privado de Pachacutec o Inca Yupanqui (primer emperador inca, 1438-1470). Sin embargo algunas de sus mejores construcciones y el evidente carácter ceremonial de la principal vía de acceso a la ciudad testimonian que ésta fue usada como un santuario religioso 3. Ambos usos (palacio y santuario) no habrían sido incompatibles. Las investigaciones de las últimas décadas, en cambio, han descartado el supuesto carácter militar de Machu Picchu (por lo que los populares calificativos de "fortaleza" o "ciudadela" han sido superados) 4
Machu Picchu es considerada al mismo tiempo una obra maestra de la arquitectura y la ingeniería 5. Está en la lista del Patrimonio de la Humanidad desde 1983. Sus peculiares características arquitectónicas y paisajísticas y el velo de misterio que ha tejido a su alrededor buena parte de la literatura publicada sobre el sitio, lo han convertido en uno de los destinos turísticos más populares del mundo 6 y el principal de Perú, donde es un ícono nacional.


Machu Picchu
Coordinates: 13°09′47″S, 72°32′44″W
Machu Picchu is probably the most familiar symbol of the Inca Empire. Since 1983 the site has been designated as a United Nations Educational World Heritage Site.
It is thought that the city was built by the Sapa Inca Pachacuti, starting in about 1440, and was inhabited until the Spanish conquest of Peru in 1532. Archaeological evidence (together with recent work on early colonial documents) shows that Machu Picchu was not a conventional city, but a country retreat town for Inca nobility (similar to the Roman villas). The site has a large palace and temples dedicated to Inca deities around a courtyard, with other buildings for support staff. It is estimated that a maximum of only about 750 people resided in Machu Picchu at any one time, and probably only a small fraction of that number lived in the town during the rainy season and when none of the nobility were visiting.
It is thought that the site was chosen for its unique location and geological features. It is said that the silhouette of the mountain range behind Machu Picchu represents the face of the Inca looking upward towards the sky, with the largest peak, Huayna Picchu (meaning Young Peak), representing his nose. The peak is also known as the "hitching post of the sun."
In 1913, the site received significant publicity after the National Geographic Society devoted their entire April 1913 issue to Machu Picchu. (wikipedia)

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