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The Science of Game of Thrones

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Published on May 19, 2014

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Valar more-curious!

WINTER:
Seasons of Westeros and the 3-body problem: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1304.0445v1.pdf
Other possible explanations for the seasons: http://io9.com/5906300/5-scientific-e...
Why those other reasons are wrong:
http://bit.ly/1hYuRDJ
http://boingboing.net/2012/05/14/grea...
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milankov...

NOTE ON MOONS AND STABILIZATION: I'm adding this comment after the video goes up: In retrospect I should have said that a moon doesn't *necessarily* have to be present to stabilize a planet. While our moon does cancel out some tugging from the other planets in the solar system, here's a recent paper shows that moonless planets can orbit with great stability even without the influence of a moon. Basically moons aren't required for stability: http://barnesos.net/publications/pape...

Even more reasons for the seasons: http://www.tor.com/blogs/2011/05/how-...

GEOLOGY:
Generation Anthropocene's AMAZING geologic history of Westeros and Essos: http://www.stanford.edu/group/anthrop...

VALYRIAN STEEL:
Damascus steel: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Damascus...

DRAGON FIRE:
Kyle Hill's explanation for real-life dragon fire: http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/b...

DRAGON FLIGHT:
Dragon-sized birds are biologically impossible: http://wapo.st/1lBV2RE

WILDFIRE:
Greek fire: http://www.sciforums.com/what-is-gree...
Trimethyl borate flame by hkparker: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Oris...

MILK OF POPPY:
Opates: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opium

THE WALL:
Compression melting of ice: http://www.reddit.com/r/askscience/co...

DIRE WOLVES:
Canis dirus: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dire_wolf

REAL-LIFE CHARACTERS:
Abandon all productivity ye who click here: http://history-behind-game-of-thrones...
Stark/Lannister feud in real life tapestry: http://history-behind-game-of-thrones...

-----------------

Have an idea for an episode or an amazing science question you want answered? Leave a comment below!

Follow me on Twitter: @jtotheizzoe
Email me: itsokaytobesmart AT gmail DOT com
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For more awesome science, check out: http://www.itsokaytobesmart.com

Joe Hanson - Host and writer
Joe Nicolosi - Director
Amanda Fox - Producer, Spotzen Inc.
Kate Eads - Associate Producer
Katie Graham - Director of Photography
Edited by Stephanie Noone and Kirby Conn from Arts & Labor
John Knudsen - Gaffer

Music:
"Ouroboros" by Kevin MacLeod

Produced by PBS Digital Studios: http://www.youtube.com/user/pbsdigita...

-----------
Last week's video: Maternal Connections - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YVqjX...

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The Science of Dust - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8qZk2...
There Was No First Human - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xdWLh...
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