Uploaded on Mar 16, 2010
Classical Music Composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Classical Music 1812 Overture
Classical Music Composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Classical Music: 1812 Overture
The Year 1812, Festival Overture in E flat major, Op. 49, popularly known as the 1812 Overture (French: Ouverture Solennelle, L'Année 1812, Russian: Торжественная увертюра «1812 год», Festival Overture The Year 1812), is an overture written by Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in 1880 to commemorate Russia's defense of Moscow against Napoleon's advancing Grande Armée at the Battle of Borodino in 1812. The overture debuted in the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow on August 20, 1882 in the Gregorian or NS calendar (the date in the Julian or OS calendar was August 8). The overture is best known for its climactic volley of cannon fire and ringing chimes.
On his 1891 visit to the United States, Tchaikovsky conducted the piece at the dedication of Carnegie Hall in New York City. While this piece has little connection with United States history besides the War of 1812 diverting the British, freeing Napoleon to attack Russia, it is often a staple at Fourth of July celebrations, such as the annual show by the Boston Pops and at Washington DC's annual program called A Capitol Fourth.
The 1812 Overture is scored for an orchestra comprising the following: * brass band * woodwind: piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets in B♭, 2 bassoons * brass: 4 horns in F, 2 cornets in B♭, 2 trumpets in E♭, 3 trombones, tuba * percussion: timpani, bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, tambourine, triangle, bells, cannon * strings: (Violins I, II, Violas, Violoncellos, Double basses) Notes: 1. "Open" Instrumentation consisting of "any extra brass instruments" available. In some indoor performances, the part may be played on an organ. 2. Sometimes substituted with tubular bells or recordings of carillons. 3. In the sections in which cannon shots are played, the actual cannons are sometimes replaced by recorded cannons or played on a piece of staging, usually with a large wooden mallet or sledge hammer. The bass drum and tam-tam are also regularly used in indoor performances.
Classical Musical structure
Sixteen cannon shots are written into the score of the Overture. Beginning with the plaintive Russian Orthodox Troparion of the Holy Cross ("God Preserve Thy People") played by eight cellos and four violas, the piece moves through a mixture of pastoral and militant themes portraying the increasing distress of the Russian people at the hands of the invading French. This passage includes a Russian folk dance, "At the Gate, at my Gate." At the turning point of the invasion the Battle of Borodino the score calls for five Russian cannon shots confronting a boastfully repetitive fragment of "La Marseillaise". A descending string passage represents the subsequent retreat of the French forces, followed by victory bells and a triumphant repetition of God Preserve Thy People as Moscow burns to deny winter quarters to the French. A musical chase scene appears, out of which emerges the anthem "God Save the Tsar!" thundering with eleven more precisely scored shots. The overture utilizes counterpoint to reinforce the appearance of the leitmotif that represents the Russian forces throughout the song.
Peça tocada a 25 de Março de 2007 por +/- 100 Músicos no Cine Teatro de Ourém. E para que não acredita que é mesmo os piratas das caraíbas procurepela peça.. A música é de Kaus Badelt e o
Arranjo de John Wasson
Dia 30 de Setembro, Concerto em Oliveira de Azemeis, onde talvez voltaremos a tocar os piratas, e mais peças com 1812 Overture de Tchaikovsky.
Played at 25th March 2007 bt +/- 100 Musicians in cine-teatro of Ourem. And for Who don't Believes this is really a Pirates of Caribbean Piece,
Music by: Kaus Badelt
Arranged by John Wasson
And at 30th of September, at Oliveira de Azemeis, near from Porto, there will be a concert, where we maybe play pirates again, but one of the great pieces that we are going to Play is 1812 Overture from P. Tchaikovsky