Uploaded on Mar 14, 2010
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 † 1827)
Work: Symphony No.3 in E flat major, Eroica Op.55
2.Movement: Marcia funebre. Adagio assai
Beethoven had originally conceived of dedicating the symphony to Napoleon Bonaparte. The biographer Maynard Solomon relates that Beethoven admired the ideals of the French Revolution, and Napoleon as their embodiment. In the autumn the composer began to have second thoughts about that dedication. It would have deprived him of a fee that he would receive if he instead dedicated the symphony to Prince Franz Joseph Maximillian Lobkowitz. Nevertheless, he still gave the work the title of Bonaparte.
Inspire to Napoleon Bonaparte
Dedication to Prince Franz Joseph Maximillian Lobkowitz
Beethoven wrote most of the symphony in late 1803 and completed it in early 1804. The symphony was premiered privately in summer 1804 in his patron Prince Lobkowitz's castle Eisenberg (Jezeri) in Bohemia. The first public performance was given in Vienna's Theater an der Wien on April 7, 1805 with the composer conducting. For that performance, the work's key was announced as "Dis", the German for D-sharp.
Scored for 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in B flat, 2 bassoons, 3 horns in E flat and C, 2 trumpets in E flat and C, timpani and strings.
Conductor: Roger Norrington
The London Classical Players
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