Uploaded on Jan 9, 2010
Video shows big male zebras and horses fighting. Shows similarity of fighting techniques between members of the horse family. It also shows members of the horse family including the mule, zebra and the ancient Przewalski's (Equus ferus przewalskii) or Dzungarian Horse.
It also shows equine behavior including: fight, run, whinny, wheeze, vocalization, bray, run, jump, neigh, nip, bite, stand, box, kick, vocalize, and blow air.
** Przewalski's Horse is a rare and endangered subspecies of wild horse (Equus ferus) that is native to the steppes of central Asia. These are endangered. No genetic originals of ancestral wild horses currently exist, other than Przewalski's Horse. The Przewalskii has 66 chromosomes, as opposed to 64 among modern domesticated horses. Genetic evidence suggests that modern Przewalski's horses are descended from a distinct regional gene pool in the eastern Eurasian steppes, but not from the same group that gave rise to modern domesticated horses. However, evidence suggests that ancient wild horses called the "Tarpan subtype" probably resembled Przewalski horses. Their similarities include: big heads, dun coloration, thick necks, stiff upright manes, and relatively short, stout legs.
The Przewalski is an ancient breed and might be closely related to the ancestor of all horses. It resembles a zebra in that it mane stands erect and it has faint strips on its legs. Johann Schiltberger, in the 15th century, recorded one of the first European sightings of the horses on his trip to Mongolia as a prisoner of the Mongol Khan. The world populations of these horses are all descended from only 9 of the 31 horses in captivity in 1945.
The Przewalski's is truly unique because most "wild" horses today, such as the American Mustang are feral horses descended from domesticated animals. In contrast, Przewalski's Horse has always been wild. The Przewalski's Horse may be the closest living wild relative of the domesticated horse, Equus caballus. There still are a number of other wild equines, including three species of zebra and various subspecies of the African wild ass, onager and kiang.
**Zebras are African animals, best known for their white and black stripes. The three species are: the Plains Zebra (Equus quagga), Grévy's Zebra (Equus grevyi) and the Mountain Zebra (Equus zebra). DNA and molecular data show that zebras have monophyletic origins. Zebras communicate with high-pitched barks and whinnying. Grevy's zebras make a mule-like bray
Zebras were the second lineage to diverge from the ancestral horses, after the Asses, around 4 million years ago. Grevy's zebra is thought to have been the first zebra species to emerge. The ancestors of the Equus horses are thought to have been striped, and zebras must have retained the stripes of their ancestors. Fossils of an ancient equid were discovered in Idaho. This species was named the Hagerman horse. It is thought to have been similar to the Grevy's zebra. It had had stocky zebra-like bodies and short, narrow, donkey-like skulls.
Zebras can breed with mules, horses, ponies, and donkeys and offspring are called zebra-mules or zebroids (crosses between any species of zebra and a horse, pony, donkey or ass). In the western United States, a small donkey is sometimes called a burro, a Spanish word.
**Donkey and Mule
The donkey, or ass (Equus africanus asinus), is a domesticated member of the Equidae or horse family. Their bray can be very loud. Its wild ancestor is the African Wild Ass (E. africanus). The male donkey or ass is called a jack, a female a jenny.
Although different species of the Equidae family can mate and interbreed, offspring are generally sterile. A mule is the offspring of a jack (male donkey) and a mare (female horse). The much rarer mating of a male horse and a female donkey produces a hinny. In 1495, Christopher Columbus brought four jacks and two jennies to America. This bloodline produced many of the mules, which the Conquistadors used when they explored the Americas. Horse-donkey hybrids are generally sterile because horses have 64 chromosomes whereas donkeys have 62, producing offspring with 63 chromosomes. The offspring of a zebra-donkey cross can be called a zonkey, zebroid, zebrass, or zedonk. One animal, which looks like a zebra-donkey hybrid because of its distinctly striped hindquarters, is the okapi, which has no relationship to either of those species.
The video was taken on private farms, at the Wilds, from exhibited animals at Ohio zoos, from a Cincinnati Zoo publicly exhibited video, and an exhibited Toledo Zoo photo.
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