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Shuai Jiao Tutorial 中國式摔跤教學 VOL 1 : Strength Building Exercises (Part 2)

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Uploaded on Nov 13, 2009

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1. 馬健記圖書(旺角) 九龍旺角通菜街103號一樓. 23956685
2. http://www.ato-shoten.co.jp/newweb/ch...
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中国式摔跤,为两人徒手较量,以摔倒对方为胜的竞技运动,它是中国最古老的体育项目之­一。现在为中国农民运动会、少数民族运动会正式项目。

摔跤在中国有着悠久的历史,古代称摔跤为角抵、角力、相扑、争跤、掼跤、摔角等。在清­朝因为皇帝的提倡,吸收了满族和蒙古族摔跤发展为中国式摔跤。

1953年,第一届少数民族运动会上,中国式摔跤被列为正式竞赛项目,前几届全运会也­均被列为正式比赛项目,并每年举行全国锦标赛。1956年和1957年,中华人民共和­国体育运动委员会相继颁布了中国式摔跤运动员等级制和中国式摔跤规则,将中国式摔跤运­动正规化。

中国式摔跤运动员按体重分为10个级别,每场比赛分3局,每局净摔3分钟,两局之间休­息一分钟,比赛在平坦柔软的8米×8米的垫子上进行。

Shuai jiao (Chinese: 摔跤 or 摔角; pinyin: Shuāijiāo; Wade-Giles: Shuai-chiao) is a Chinese martial art which combines grappling and striking. It was originally only a style of sport wrestling, but later striking and blocking were added to it. It sometimes also refers to modern Chinese and Mongolian wrestling.

The word "shuai," 摔, stands for "to throw onto the ground", while "jiao" may be one of two characters: the first and older, 角, stands for "horns" and the second and recent, 跤, stands for "wrestle or trip using the legs". In modern Chinese Shuai Jiao is always written using the more recent characters 跤, and should be translated as "to throw onto the ground through wrestling with legs". The use of the character 角 is due to the fact that in the earliest form of Shuaijiao, players wore helmet with horns and head-butting was allowed. This form of Shuaijiao is called 'Ciyou Xi'.

Shuaijiao can be divided into the following styles:

Beijing Style - This is in essence the lineage from the Manchu Buku style that was practised by the Imperial Palace Guard, Shan Pu Ying (善扑营, literally the Expert in Wrestling Unit). The main characteristic is the use of the legs to kick and off-balance opponents. It is considered a gentler style than the Tianjin Style.

Tianjin Style - This is the lineage of Ming Dynasty Shuaijiao mixed with Manchu Buku. The main characteristic is the use of legs to kick and off-balance. It is considered a harder and rougher style than the Beijing Style.

Baoding Style - This is the lineage that is called Kuai Jiao (Fast Wrestling). The main characteristic is the fast application of technique. Another characteristic is the adaptation of Shaolin Quan from Ping Jingyi, a famous teacher of Shuaijiao who learned Shaolin style from the Meng family of Nanguan County even though he was a Muslim Hui.

The above three styles are sometimes called Hebei Style Shuaijiao or simply Shuaijiao. Wrestlers wear a jacket called Dalian.

Shanxi Style - This is the lineage of Song Dynasty Shuaijiao. It is mainly practised in the counties between the mining city of Datong in northern Shanxi and the provinvial capital Taiyuan in central Shanxi. The main characteristic is leg catching techniques, as traditonally wrestlers wear only tight knee-length pants.

Mongol Style - This is the lineage from Mongol Boke.

Xinjiang Style - This is the lineage from various Turkic styles. The main characteristic is waist techniques.


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