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Finlandia - Sibelius - Complete Finlandia in HD - Jean Sibelius - Sydney Youth Orchestra Flagship

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Published on Jun 10, 2012

Finlandia by Jean Sibelius, Op 26. Max McBride conducting the Sydney Youth Orchestra Flagship ensemble http://www.syo.com.au
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"Sibelius Finlandia is the composer's most powerful, well-known piece.
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Finlandia has its origins in the turbulence and bleakness of Imperial Russia's stranglehold on Finland.
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For nearly the entire 1800s Finland had been merely another state in the vast Russian empire, who kept trying to make the Finnish population more Russian. The dominating empire forced poor Finns into its army and censored the press and free speech.
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But in the last decade of the century the oppressed Finns began to assert their independence. Finnish nationalism became a powerful movement, a tidal wave threatening Russia's tyranny.
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In October 1899, in the middle of this frenzy of nationalism, Sibelius wrote a musical work to accompany a dramatically patriotic poem (The Melting of the Ice on the Ulea River by Zachria Topelius).
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A bit later, a group of patriotic members of the Finnish press organized a fund-raiser for "newspaper pension funds". But it was really a trick. It was a front for promoting and financing a free press for the Finns to voice themselves, to combat Russia's free speech censorship.
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Sibelius took the some of the music from his recent poetic piece for a concert marking the end of the fundraiser. Calling it 'Music for Press Ceremony', it contained the seed of what would become Finlandia. The piece captured the mood of the times so brilliantly that Sibelius reworked it into a seperate symphonic poem in 1900.
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It became immensely popular and a symbol of Finland's struggle for independence.
Because the title Finlandia was a bit too suspicious to censors trying to beat down nationalism, the piece was often performed under disguised names. Impromptu was one of the covers, although my favorite has to be the tongue-in-cheek "Happy Feelings at the Awakening of Finnish Spring".
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Music:
Sibelius's Finlandia is pretty much Finland's second national anthem. The music is so powerfully patriotic and moving that it contains the spirit of Finland, and is easily Sibelius's most well-known and famous piece. (Note: Some Finns have proposed that the Finnish national anthem be changed to Finlandia by Jean Sibelius, with lyrics by V.A. Koskenniemi and Joel Rundt).
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It's exciting and emotional, packed with grand melodies and dramatic explosions. Sibelius gives each of the instrumental groups in the orchestra a chance to shine, and when brought together the orchestra becomes a spectacular powerhouse. It's compelling listening.
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The melodies are so Finnish and authentic-sounding that a lot of people thought that Sibelius just borrowed them from Finnish folk music. But the composer created all his own melodies - perhaps a testament to his Finnish spirit and energy (although he was born in Sweden and Finnish was his second language).
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Let's have a little walk through the music...
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Sibelius's Finlandia opens with threatening deep brass chords. In my mind this represents the Russian empire - distant, seemingly invincible, and ominous:
But the music quickly becomes passionate, loud, and frantic. Rally, Finns, fight the oppressors!
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Eventually the woodwinds introduce a quiet, divine hymn. Sibelius wrote on the score around this part: "on great long hills, where tempests brood and gather, primeval earth beneath primeval sky", evoking the ancient beauty of Finland's landscape and praying to God for deliverance:
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This inspiring melody grows until it becomes a triumphant conclusion, guaranteed to stir the blood of any Finn!
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Recordings:
I recommend one recording of Sibelius Finlandia. That is the majestic, impassioned recording by Herbert von Karajan conducting the Berliner Philharmonic. The way in which Karajan performs Finlandia is incredible." (Source www.favorite-classical-composers.com/sib­elius-finlandia.html )
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Finlandia in Popular Media:
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Finnish film director Renny Harlin featured Finlandia prominently in the film score for his 1990 film Die Hard 2: Die Harder.
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Finlandia is used for a love scene in Finders Keepers, Lovers Weepers! by Russ Meyer.
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Finnish symphonic power metal band Nightwish has used Finlandia as an intro to their live concerts, such as shows that are a part of their Imaginaerum World Tour.
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Sydney Youth Orchestra Flagship ensemble is the pinnacle of the SYO family, comprising of a symphony orchestra of 80 of Sydney's finest players up to age 24. SYO performs concerts of the highest quality. Programs are broad ranging, covering the Classical, Romantic and 20th Century traditions, as well as new works of contemporary Australian repertoire. http://syo.com.au

Best viewed in High Definition on a large screen.

Recorded live on 3rd June 2012 at The Concourse, Chatswood, NSW, Australia. This video is part of a 2 hour program that included; Sibelius Symphony 1, Brahms Schicksalslied Op 54 (Song of Destiny) and Looking to the Stars by Graeme Koehne.
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