Afterlife, also known as after-world, the realm of the dead, passed away - a theoretical idea that the human soul (consciousness) continues to exist after physical death of the body. This can be understood as a transcendent space, and as a real place. The idea of the afterlife or other forms of existence after death, found in virtually all faiths and cultures.
Abraominėse religions (Christianity, Islam, Judaism) believed that after death the soul separates from the body and placed in one of the two post-mortem spaces - Paradise or Hell (part Christian movements still distinguishes between space - purgatory). Divine Court concludes that the soul enters the Paradise and is next to God, and which fall into hell suffering. The Jewish sect of the Sadducees believed in God but did not believe in the afterlife.
Indian religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism) believed in reincarnation - the dead soul enters a new body and forget the previous learning. Reincarnation will depend on past lives (karma) - the better the person was, the better the conditions will get a new life, and lived properly can reincarnate into an animal to experience suffering. The circle of reincarnation is called samsara, and the believer's goal is to eventually reincarnate to God (moksha) or (Buddhism) to achieve nirvana.
Ancient Egyptians believed the soul of the deceased travels to the land of the dead Aaru. There Osiris weighs the deceased's heart - if it is lighter than a feather, the soul goes away, and if worse - given demon Amit. The Egyptians also believed in the resurrection of the dead, and performed mummification, the deceased left a book of the dead. The ancient Greeks believed that after death the soul of Hermes helped, travels to Hades - Hades. It your boat navigating through the Styx Charon. There, the deceased soul is judged and placed in Elysium, Hades, or Tartarus. Similarly, the afterlife conceived and Scandinavian mythology - it is divided into Valhalla (the elect kingdom), HeLa (most of the rest in place) and Niflhelą (place of torment for sinners).
Various pagan, esoteric beliefs, cults of nature, there is often a non-religious beliefs in the nature of the soul Reincarnation creaturehood, space objects idea or belief in afterlife.
Scientific point of view, there is no evidence that after brain death in some form of human consciousness remains. This condition is called eternal oblivion. Admittedly, this approach appeals through the so-called post-mortem impressions from survivors of clinical death. However, they are usually considered to be hallucinations, drugs, altered states of consciousness consequences. Other scholars deny a mechanical approach to consciousness and offers a quantum theory of consciousness, according to which death does not terminate the existence of consciousness.