The Battle of Hastings was the decisive Norman victory in the Norman Conquest of England. The battle took place at Senlac Hill, approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) north-west of Hastings, on which an abbey was subsequently built. The battle took place on 14 October 1066, between the Norman army of Duke William of Normandy from France, and the English army led by King Harold II. Harold was killed during the battle; traditionally, it is believed he was shot through the eye with an arrow. Although there was further English resistance for some time to come, this battle is seen as the point at which William gained control of England.
The Battle of Pharsalus was fought at Pharsalus (Greece) on August 9, 48 BC, between the Populares faction of the Roman Republic, led by Gaius Julius Caesar, and the Optimates faction, led by Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus. The victory of Caesar weakened the Senatorial forces and solidified his control over the Republic
Birth of the Roman Empire. The Battle of Cynoscephalae was fought in Thessaly in 197 BC between the Roman army, led by Titus Quinctius Flamininus, and the Antigonid dynasty of Macedon, led by Philip V.