The RCMP uses purebred German shepherds as well as Belgian shepherds (Malinois) in perfect physical condition.
The RCMP considers these breeds to be the best choice for police work as they are adaptable, versatile, strong, courageous and able to work under extreme climatic conditions. Male dogs are usually chosen.
A dog can search a car in approximately three minutes.
Dogs can work up to four hours with rest intervals.
Currently, there are 112 RCMP dog teams across Canada.
The estimated cost to train a member and dog team is $60,000.
Healthy police service dogs cost less than $1,000 annually to maintain.
On average, a police service dog retires at the age of seven.